JKU Research List Update.

              JKU Research List

November, 2015 Update


Bin Laden-free for your protection.


I. Discussion Groups and Forums.
II. Metacrawlers.
III. Search Engines.
A. Current sites:
B. Older sites.
C. Visual sites.
IV. Address and phone nrs.
V. Audio Resources.
VI. Radio Stations.
VII. Podcasts.
VIII. Video.
X. Archives.
XI. Other searching.


Note: as with the other Lists, “DL” stands for Dead Link, also sometimes called a Broken Link. The date next to the “DL” shows roughly when it was discovered that the link was dead. These lists were started in 2006, so, that’s why they’re updated from time to time.

I. Discussion Groups and Forums. (note: in the 21st century, these have largely been replaced by “blog” sites. The use of the terms “blog”, “blogsite”, etc., have become so common that they are now used without the quotes.) May 2014 Update: a few “social media”-type sites have been added, which are similar to blogs, groups, or forums.
http://ar3ubs6cg6an4ylt.onion    }beaglesnoop Lots of articles on searching – applicable to the deep web. Use on Tor network.
http://www.artslant.com/   }Meet other artists, learn about exhibits and museums in the New York area and broaden your tastes on this community site.
http://www.blackhatworld.com/blackhat-seo/   }”Welcome to the Black Hat Forum Black Hat SEO. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. “ Page is current (26oct15), 554 links on the page.
http://www.bookcrossing.com/   }Talk about your favorite books and share titles with other bookworms.
http://chowhound.chow.com/   } Talk about and share recipes and local restaurants.
http://www.connectviabooks.com/   }ConnectviaBooks is another social site for book lovers.
http://www.coyotecommunications.com/outreach/list.html   }as an example, this is one person’s list of her hand-picked online discussion groups.
http://dailystrength.org/    Reach out to other patients on this medical site, which also has news and stories about different diseases.
http://www.david-bohm.net/dialogue/   }the intro page for “Bohm Dialog” discussion groups. Mr. Kamel has participated in these so contact us for a review if interested. You may also skip the intro page and go directly to http://www.david-bohm.org/mailman/listinfo/dialogue   }and the simple instructions are there. The automated portions of their listserver and website sometimes malfunction.
http://www.delphiforums.com/   }Delphi forums. “Share your passion. Meaningful conversations.
& True sense of community. “  “Live Now on Delphi: 318,753,710 posts; 25,867,698 discussions; 196 people now chatting,  81 active chat rooms . “  108 links on the page.
http://www.dmoz.org/Reference/Libraries/Library_and_Information_Science/Chats_and_Forums/    }this is the dmoz linklist of chats and forums, basically about libraries. For those that don’t know yet, “dmoz” stands for the Open Directory Project, the largest, most comprehensive human-edited directory of the Web. It is constructed and maintained by a vast, global community of volunteer editors.
http://etherpad.org/    }Etherpad (previously known as EtherPad) is a web-based collaborative real-time editor, allowing authors to simultaneously edit a text document, and see all of the participants’ edits in real-time, with the ability to display each author’s text in their own color. There is also a chat box in the sidebar to allow meta communication. Anyone can create a new collaborative document, known as a “pad”. Each pad has its own URL, and anyone who knows this URL can edit the pad and participate in the associated chats. Password-protected pads are also possible. Each participant is identified by a color and a name. The software
auto-saves the document at regular, short intervals, but participants can permanently save specific versions (checkpoints) at any time. Merging of changes is handled by operational transform. A “time slider” feature allows anyone to explore the history of the pad. The document can be downloaded in plain text, HTML, Open Document, Microsoft Word, or PDF format.
http://ezinemark.com/a/deciding-between-usenet-and-discussion-groups/    }the full collection of article and videos from EzineMark about Usenet (newsgroups) and (Web-based) discussion groups.
http://ezinemark.com/a/deciding-between-usenet-and-discussion-groups/    }the full collection of article and videos from EzineMark about Usenet (newsgroups) and (Web-based) discussion groups.
http://www.facebook.com   }although we normally don’t include “social networking” sites on our Lists, since this one is the largest one in the world, we can’t leave it out. The point here, is that you will find many forums and discussion groups on facebook, but, the facebook search itself is not very good. People often complain about that. Therefore, you will want to use the search tools on this page to find the forum or discussion group that you want there.
http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/*/index   }the Free Republic forums. FreeRepublic, LLC, PO Box 9771, Fresno, Ca, 93794.  FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson. 328 links on that first page. Page is current (26oct15).
http://www.galaxy.com/dir54503/Usenet_Servers.htm    }a smaller list of Usenet newsgroups or discussion groups.
http://www.garden.org/home    }Learn everything there is to know about gardening, from picking seeds to planning around the seasons to pest control right here.
https://github.com/ether/etherpad-lite    }Etherpad Lite up ‘n’ running in 5 minutes. Etherpad Lite is a lightweight version of (probably) the most popular web-based collaborative real-time editor – Etherpad. This great peace of software allows multiple users to edit the same document in real-time. To make collaboration easier, users have built-in chat at their disposal. History playback, infinite undo, easy import and export of documents are some of the cool stuff it has to offer. Compared to the original, EL has very short system requirements list, which makes it very easy to deploy. Since it’s written in server-side JavaScript using Node.js, to make it functional for testing/development purposes you’ll need only Node.js, but for everyday/production usage it’s recommended that you use a web server (e.g. Apache or Nginx) and MySQL.
https://gobby.github.io/    }Gobby is a collaborative editor supporting multiple documents in one session and a multi-user chat. It is developed in GitHub, and instructions to download and getting started as well as other documentation is available on the Wiki. On this page, a rough overview of where the most commonly accessed resources of Gobby are is given, along with news concerning the project. Gobby is a free software collaborative real-time editor available on Windows and Unix-like platforms. (It runs on Mac OS X using Apple’s X11.app.) It was initially released in June 2005 by the 0x539 dev group.[3] (The hexadecimal value 0x539 is equal to 1337 in decimal.) Gobby uses GTK+ for its GUI widgets. It features a clientserver architecture which supports multiple documents in one session, document synchronisation on request, password protection and an IRC-like chat for communication out of band. Users can choose a colour to highlight the text they have written in a document. Gobby is fully Unicode-aware, provides syntax highlighting for most programming languages and has basic Zeroconf support.
http://www.googleguide.com/groups.html   }We don’t like to include google links, but, this is their guide to Discussion Forums Online. any of the Google Groups are part of Usenet. Usenet newsgroups (forums) are grouped into several large areas, each of which is broken into subareas.
http://groups.google.com/groups/dir?lnk=od&   }this is the directory of google groups, which are also somewhat similar to discussion groups. Owing to google’s terrifying size and frightening purchasing power and influence, they have a complete list of Usenet links, some of which undoubtedly go to old-style, bona fide discussion groups. The link for that is http://groups.google.com/groups/dir?sel=gtype%3D0   }the few links that we tested all worked, but some of the groups had 0 subscribers. We still avoid google products on our Lists (JKU), and recommend that you do the same, most especially their search engine.
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!browse    }directory of google groups by region and category.
http://www.highexistence.com/   }forum, blog, and discussion site suitable for students. New. We have tested this site and find it clean and mostly easy to use. Those of you who are non-academic will enjoy this website.
http://www.hugg.com/    }Submit and read about environmental news here.
http://itools.com/information/discussion-search#q=discussion+groups&submit=Read+about&tool=google-blog-search    }an intro to the differences between Usenet and Web-based discussion groups. This is recommended if you don’t know the difference between them. The original URL for that article is here:  http://business.ezinemark.com/deciding-web-based-discussion-groups-and-the-usenet-7d2f8e6b7ac8.html   }on the original website.
http://liswiki.org/wiki/Discussion_groups   }this is the wikipedia linklist for online discussion groups. It would be too time-consuming for us to try out each URL/group for you, so, feel free to try them out yourself. They are grouped by various categories.
http://www.liszt.com   }directory of e-mail academic discussion groups. (See also Academic Research List). DL 7/2011. This link now redirects to a commercial site.
http://search.lycos.com/web/?q=lycos+message+boards&keyvol=00b77d9f7d5b57d4ca2d   }if you are old enough, you will remember that Lycos hosted many discussion groups and forums in the 1990s and the early years of this century. The links goes to aggregated link data from Message Board Posts, and Forum Threads, which have linked TO and FROM lycos.com both internally and externally.  Some of the links, some of those groups and message boardss still exist; a few are on this List now.
http://mathforum.org/kb/forumindex.jspa    }mathematics discussion groups and forums. 110 links on page; clean (non-commerical) site; easy to read and use. Recommended.
http://www.microsoft.com/communities/newsgroups/en-us/    }the front page, intro, and link list for the Microsoft discussion groups. However, in our tests, the search/lookup service was temporarily down.
http://www.neogaf.com/forum/   }NeoGAF is a nexus of hardcore gamers, enthusiast press, and video game industry developers and publishers. This is a neutral ground where facts and evidence, presented within the confines of civil, inclusive discourse, prevail through careful moderation. Enjoy reading existing discussions as a guest, or sign up for a free account and be patient through the waiting period.
http://www.newsvine.com/     }This politics social media site offers “an instant reflection of what the world is talking about at the moment.”
http://www.onlib.org/web/databases/news.htm   }list of newspapers, news websites, databases, and more, available from New York Online Virtual Reference Library [NOVELny].
http://web.resourceshelf.com/go/resourceblog/   }Welcome to the Resource Shelf Resource Blog where dedicated librarians and researchers share the results of their directed (and occasionally quirky) web searches for resources and information. Here: http://web.resourceshelf.com/go/resourceblog/category/384    }is news about searching and search engines.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/    }Catch up on “the latest research news” here.
http://usenetreviewz.com/    }this site has Usenet reviews and comparisons.
http://vimeo.com/groups   }front page for Vimeo’s video groups. Well, they’re sort-of like discussion groups, aren’t they?
http://www.warriorforum.com/   }The warrior forum. “Warrior Forum – The #1 Internet Marketing Forum & Marketplace.”  165 links on the page, to forums and discussions for entrepeneurs, elite marketers, those wanting to make money, etc.
http://www.western-ridning.com/rwdx/forum/default.asp   }Western horse western riding school is simply all about western riding in Sweden!  Meeting place for western riding in Sweden. A portal you might say. This forum page has 101 links on it.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discussion_group      }the wikipedia intro page for discussion groups, for those that need to know.
http://www.wordpress.com   }Wordpress has become probably the most popular free site host on the Web. You’ll find forums and discussion groups there, if you look for them.
http://groups.yahoo.com/   }the front page for Yahoo groups, which are similar to discussion groups.  2015 Update: Yahoo Groups is still online, page is current (26oct15). Groups in these categories: Business & Finance, Computers & Internet, Cultures & Community, Entertainment & Arts, Family & Home, Games, Government & Politics, Health & Wellness, Hobbies & Crafts, Music, Recreation & Sports, Regional, Religion & Beliefs, Romance & Relationships, Schools & Education, Science. 109 links on the page.

II. Metacrawlers and engines not listed in other categories-
http://addon.100searchengines.com/texis/open/search?q=l   }the 100 search engines, links page. Links to all the popular news sites and other popular sites. This is also the search page. Recommended.
http://7dmqbxohw4mgbnaw.onion/   }The Hidden Wiki. Site up as of May, 2015, but, most of the sites with domains .onion and .tor2web , are down or gone; those are dead links (DLs). Tor is mostly DLs now (May 2015).
http://www.albany.net/allinone   }120 categorized, customized searching.  DL 10/9/10
http://www.allplus.com/   }this is the AllPlus Meta Search and Discovery Engine which is based on PolyMeta (below), and it failed every search test, including the easy ones.
http://www.beaucoup.com   }1200 categorized search utilities.
http://www.allplus.com/   }supposed to be a Superior new search engine, we were very disappointed, it did poorly in our easy search tests.
http://www.cyber411.com   }16 engines, eliminates duplicates. DL 2011
http://deeperweb.com/    }this is one of the best new search engines, that we’ve seen for years. But it isn’t new; it is a major improvement of google!  This is then a metasearch engine with “deeper web” results, as well as a “deep web” tag cloud, metrics, news results, wiki-results, blogs, and so on. Highly Recommended, and did very well in our easy and hard search tests.
http://www.etools.ch/searchInfo.do   }”The metasearch engine eTools.ch has no own index or database – instead the information is retrieved from several data sources in parallel (federated search, search several search engines at once). A data source can be, among others, a traditional web search engine, a web service or a database.  eTools.ch is fast, as fast as the slowest data source that currently is queried by eTools.ch. Therefore the search settings let you limit the maximum time to wait for a query (by default 2 seconds).If a data source does not respond anymore reliably, eTools.ch will automatically disable it temporary. As soon as the data source is available again, it will be automatically re-enabled. “  This is a relatively unknown Swiss search engine. Highly Recommended. Uses the non-google search engines well, and gives fast and relevant results. What we liked best though, are the humourous quotes at the top of the page. Here’s a sample: “There are three reasons why lawyers are replacing rats as laboratory research animals. One is that they are plentiful, another is that lab assistants don’t get so attached to them, and the third is that they will do things that you just can’t get rats to do.” -Blanche Knott-
http://fazzle.com/index.html   }fazzle was a metasearch engine, and performed quite well. It is done now, but the page is still there, and the author says that the search engine is undergoing reconstruction (2015).
http://www.findsmarter.com/   }a newer metasearch engine which did well in our tests. This engine allow you to group results by their “extension” or domain type. It is clean and easy to read, fast, and gave even images for a hard test (i.e. an abstract term), most engines fail that sort of test. Highly Recommended; we found only one flaw: when you select the “Knowledge” tab, it gives results, but won’t let you click to the site; you have to copy the URL and paste it into the address bar yourself.
http://www.fireball.de/    }we Recommend this fast German search engine, it did well in our tests.
http://www.freeality.com/meta.htm   }may duplicate other sites or crawlers.
https://encrypted.google.com/   }image search, but tagged for reuse with modification.
http://lookahead.surfwax.com/index-2011.html   }This engine is useful for finding recent news articles online. That is the kind of results it returns for any search-term.. A better than average set of search engines. Surfwax is older than google, and uses unique search methods. Can mix with educational, US Govt tools, and news sources, or many other categories. Also,
http://lookahead.surfwax.com/   }from this page you can link directly to search-engine watch, the resource shelf, and master news media, which has an explanation of surfwax, and its history, interview with the designer.
http://www.megasearches.com/default.php   }another newer (2015) meta-search engine. Did well in our tests; and was fast. You can search by top-level domains or extensions and can save your search history. The search page is customizable easily using their pre-set choices. You can also specify which search engines you want it to check first. Recommended. We’re still testing this one but Recommend it. The default “metasearch” tab uses google-custom-search.
http://www.metacrawler.com   }highly customizable. Competitive with the better known ones.  Metacrawler is one of the oldest meta-search engines on the web, but still worth it, or adding to a group of search engines, such as in your browser, if you use one. 2015 Update:  MetaCrawler also provided users the option to search for images, video, news, yellow pages and white pages. In the late 90’s  talk show host Conan O’Brien on TRL used the verb “metacrawled”. It used to provide the option to search for audio. MetaCrawler is now a registered trademark of InfoSpace, Inc., and redirects to http://zoo.com/ .
https://www.metascroll.com/search    }a newer metasearch engine. Fast, and novel results; customizable, but not colors or background. Recommended.
http://managedq.com/index.php   }this is a new engine which organizes google results and presents them in novel ways. Perhaps the creators think it is easier or better to use; we found the layout and usage to non-obvious and perhaps counter-intuitive; but it is fast, and gives a visual presentation of results which is unlike any  other engine. Their “about” says that they may feature other engines besides google in the future. Today is 16feb15. We’re Recommending this for now; and it has plugins for Firefox, Safari, and Chrome.
http://grizzlykijswtj2x.onion/   }New Tor/onion search engine. Currently needs javascript to work, will soon make a non-JS version. DL 2015.
http://hpuuigeld2cz2fd3.onion/    }Another Tor/onion search engine. DL 2015. Onion.to is temporarily not available. We are looking forward to relaunch this
service soon. We are looking for hosting providers that donate resources in the form of servers and bandwidth. Please contact us if you have an offer to make! admin at this domain
https://hzovy5vy36hrbxqv.tor2web.fi/    }Getting started: Whenever you see a URL like http://duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion/, that’s a Tor hidden Web service. Just replace .onion with .tor2web.org to use the Tor2web proxy network. Example: https://duskgytldkxiuqc6.tor2web.org/ . This connects you with Tor2web, which then talks to the hidden service via Tor and relays the response back to you.
http://xmh57jrzrnw6insl.onion/   }Tor Search Engine. Claims to index around 1.1 Million pages. DL 2015. Onion.to is temporarily not available. We are looking forward to relaunch this service soon. We are looking for hosting providers that donate resources in the form of servers and bandwidth. Please contact us if you have an offer to make! admin at this domain
http://oqznfi3tdo6nwg3f.onion    }Tor network search – Torgle v3.  DL 2015. onion.to is temporarily not available. “We are looking forward to relaunch this service soon. We are looking for hosting providers that donate resources in the form of servers and bandwidth. Please contact us admin at this domain if you have an offer to make! “
http://most-popular.org/   }shows the most popular websites in the world; also gives the ranking and statistics for URLs you specify. Easy to read and use. However, they rank more than websites:  “When you ask, “What is the most popular” anything, our system provides you with the answer! Our network of sites are all part of the very special “Most Popular” project where we do our best to organize all types of data according to how popular something is. We rank things like books, blogs, games, movies, news stories, songs, videos, websites and more and we make all of this information available to you on one of our specialty sites that focus on particular subjects. Our data comes from real world statistical information available from various sources we collect and process 24 hours a day. “. In one test, we checked polymeta.com (next URL), and found that it is the 1,212,859 th most popular website as of 18apr15.
http://www.online-utility.org/search/index.jsp   }Search Best Websites according to Wikipedia. This custom special search engine searches 4000 best websites according to number of backlinks from Wikipedia. Among websites it searches are Wikipedia, New York Times, BBC, MySpace, Guardian, Yahoo! groups, Amazon, Washington Post, The Internet Movie Database, ODP – Open Directory Project, Gutenberg Project, Flickr – Photo Sharing, Time Magazine, Encyclopedia Britannica, UEFA, FIFA, FIBA, etc. Please email us your suggestions which websites we should include in specific search engine.
http://www.polymeta.com/   }a new meta-search engine, but one that did poorly in our tests. This is described as The Best and Awesome and so on, we wer disappointed. Made by http://weblib.com/ , and they say “PolyMeta is an advanced Web 2.0 meta-search (federated search) and clustering engine. PolyMeta enables organizations and individuals to simultaneously search diverse information resources on the Web with a common interface. The search results are merged, ranked and presented in relevance order. PolyMeta employs powerful Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval algorithms in its query analysis and refinement, search strategy, relevancy ranking, focused drill-down and exploration of multi-dimensional information spaces. Try out AllPlus Meta Search and Discovery Engine what is based on PolyMeta, to see what we are capable of !“ See also the notation for that engine. 2015 Update: The Polymeta search engine was apparently not working correctly during the days we tested it. Now, it is working. For results, it favors Wikipedia heavily; but on the other hand, it does have the novelty of being the first and only search engine which lets you FB “like” a website in the search results. That is, each search result has a FB “like” button in it. Also, the more we have used this the more we like it: Recommended.
http://www.surfy.com   }40 engines. This crawler is still up, but it also has links for travel, resorts, and hotels, and appears to be used for just that by some users.
http://www.savvy.com   } assembles results. DL 2011.
http://search.yahoo.com/   }we were almost saddened to see that Yahoo Search is now “powered by” bing. We were researching the Yahoo! Livesearch feature which is similar to Surfwax’s Look-ahead feature, when we found the news. Read their page in Wikipedia here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bing_Webmaster_Center    }more details on how Bing incorporated Yahoo search features.
http://www.wikiwax.com/   }search Wikipedia using surfwax look-ahead “technology”.  In our easy test, it returned no results, and no feedback of any kind.
http://zw3crggtadila2sg.onion/torgle/   }Torgle revived. Based on OnionWare’s server. Web crawler.

III. Search Engines. (See Engines also in Academic Research List http://sdrv.ms/R4hwOv  & Online Tools List http://bit.ly/wkep6I )
A. Current sites:
http://www.13kg.com/power/   }search engine link site and portal. Enter your search term, and it returns one-click links to 89 (eighty-nine) search engines, each of which opens searching for your term (and there are “200” more engines in the pull-down menu).  Since we didn’t test all of them with our usual test terms, easy, middle, and hard, instead we tested unlikely engines just for fun. For example, we looked for the meaning of a word on the CDC (Centers For Disease Control) search engine, instead of an online dictionary.
3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion    }DuckDuckGo, on Tor.
http://addictomatic.com/   }Addictomatic searches the best live sites on the web for the latest news, blog posts, videos and images. It’s the perfect tool to keep up with the hottest topics, perform ego searches and feed your addiction for what’s up, what’s now or “what other people are feeding on”.
https://ahmia.fi/search/    }This is a search engine for hidden onion sites running inside Tor network. Use Tor Browser Bundle to access hidden services. Add new sites. HS crawling info. Inform us about CP and we will filter it.  Hidden Websites statistics: 3314 online / 24 filtered.
https://ahmia.fi/search/?q=Onion%20Site%20Reviews   }Tor search for website reviews on the Tor network. 95 results on this page. Note that the tor2web portal is down, the Hidden Wiki and its mirrors are down, and that most of the links on the network are DLs. Especially, most of the .onion and .tor2web domain websites are DLs.
http://www.alhea.com/    }searching google and yahoo, and saying “web for everyone !” on the front page/ search bar page. Takes a moment to load the page, but it well in our tests.
http://www.ant.com/    }We found out about Ant doing image searches; it came with a freeware video editor that Julie Éclair told us about. Now, good engines like Ixquick or even google will do site searches, but, we found our result immediately with Ant.  Best way to use Ant : go to the site, then click the little molecule symbol on your Ant toolbar. A page with info about the site appears, and you can search the site from there.
http://www.baidu.com/   }this is the main Chinese search engine, and it is somewhat new. However, it uses methods and protocols that are different from the ones that have, sometimes by agreement, and sometimes from usage, become accepted and somewhat standardized by all the world’s other search engines. Google has difficult translating its pages, for example; and translated pages no longer show the images (in the case of images) and so on. It is therefore difficult to use. We haven’t tried other website/page translators with , since their results are usually similar to google’s. (We often use images to test engines since it gives us a consistent test, making comparison of engine results easier. We also use difficult terms for our “hard” search test.) The good news: Baidu usually gives results that no others find, especially with images! Even better than Yandex (see below) for this.
http://www.bing.com    }from Microsoft. Bing is competitive with basically all the other search engines listed here; we haven’t tested it very much, since we don’t find it interesting. It is also basically redundant to all the other engines. Of course, all alternatives to google are good; but this is Microsoft. The concept here is, once again, to not use the giants, that strangle the market, thereby preventing innovation and progress. 2104 Update: Bing videos is user-unfriendly. It is awkward and difficult to find, view, link to videos from the bing results page. We also dislike the way the images are displayed in the results. We recommend that you use a different search engine for videos and images/
http://blekko.com/   }a new site, still in its beta-version. In our tests it was most impressive, and a very satisfying search engine. Got new sites instantly, and so on. Has a new, quicker style on image searches as well.  May 2014 Update: We have found that Blekko’s format for images and videos is very inconvenient to use. To serve mobile device users, they have ruined their search engine for videos and images. Their format is very similar to Bing’s. 2015 Update: Blekko has been acquired by IBM Watson and is no longer a search engine.
http://browse.lt/   }a new site. This site did well in our video tests. It gives results for you tube, daily motion, vimeo, and metacafe, on 4 tabs of one page. Fast, easy to see and use, a simple search engine. For news, you have Delfi, Alfa, BBC, CNN, and RIA Novsoti, as tabs all on one page. We like it; it’s difficult to find information about it. For now, we Recommend it. Returns results in their native language sometime, not in English; search page has buttons for Lithuanian, English, and Russian. It also did well in our search term test. This is based in Lithuania, and we’ve never heard of it before. We have not been able to learn if it is a meta-search engine or meta-crawler or not; but sometimes the results look a little like google, so we are still researching this new engine. Definitely an HQ search engine.
http://www.chacha.com/    }ChaCha is a human based search engine. It provides free, real time answers to any question through it’s website, via test messaging, or by using one of the company’s mobile apps. The company was founded in 2006 by Scott A Jones and Brad Bostic. Many people use text to access ChaCha. Their text number is 242242. Their landline number is ++1-800-2242242.
http://find.copernic.com/   }Copernic (presumably pronounced like Copernicus, without the “us”) metasearch engine. Did poorly in our test for images, but Ok on general web search. This metasearch engine is overrated on some websites. We find that, e.g., Ixquick, Yippy! (formerly Clusty(formerly Vivisimo)), and Dogpile all did as well as Copernic in out tests… and sometimes better. Their desktop search app (see below), though, is unique and useful. It has some advantages over Cubic Explorer, see also our Online Tools 2015 List (http://sdrv.ms/wkep6I ). Cubic Explorer has some advantages over the Copernic Desktop Search; they’re rather different from each other. But we were disappointed by their metasearch engine. See next. 2015 Update: Copernic has been improved, and now finds results that other engines including google don’t find (usually evaluated by what they show on the first or second page). It is similar to European engines, and is based in Canada. Finds entries in French and English. We Recommend it now.
http://www.copernic.com/en/products/agent/personal.html   } Their desktop personal search agent was impressive. It runs from the desktop and queries 10 or more search engines at a time! We recommend it. Yes, we use it ourselves, and we do use the Copernic desktop search (http://www.copernic.com/en/products/desktop-search/ ) as well. Both have lots of the features you’d want and expect. But the desktop search can search your computer, the web, or both at the same time, for the info you’re looking for. The desktop search will index, as you specify, your hard drive, removable media, and so on. The personal search agent only has one major flaw: it can’t display any images, at all, no matter how you tweak it. This includes for image searches, for which it uses nine different image search engines. It would be Highly Recommended by us, except for that serious flaw.
https://search.disconnect.me/   }Search privately using your favorite search engine. Online Privacy. Disconnect protects your privacy by blocking thousands of invisible trackers, sources of malware, and empowers you to enjoy a more private and secure online experience. A description of features and benefits can be found on our homepage. The free version of our desktop product allows you to block thousands of invisible trackers and malware sites across all your browsers and apps. Both the free mobile and desktop product provides the ability to search privately and see how websites collect and use your data. The premium version of the desktop and mobile applications also protect you from Wi-Fi snooping by encrypting all Internet traffic with Disconnect’s virtual private network (VPN). You can also choose the location of Disconnect’s VPN
servers to keep your location private and access the Internet as though you are in another country.
http://www.dogpile.com    }from Infoseek, Dogpile is not the giant that it once was.  Dogpile has suffered from the aggressive efforts of Microsoft (via MSN and Bing) and google to make big-bidness and other moves to limit Infoseek’s successes. However, Infospace/Infoseek is still big in the metasearch market, according to recent (2012) search engine review sites. Searched Google, Yahoo, Bing, and Ask.com (as of 6/15/10). Sites that have purchased ranking and inclusion are mixed into the results. Watch for “Sponsored:”.   2015 Update: Dogpile pages take “a long time” to load, less than 1 minute but far more than a few seconds. Is Dogpile or Infospace dying? We found that the original infospace search engine page didn’t work anymore.
http://duckduckgo.com/   }this is a fun new search engine, and we think that you’ll enjoy it. You can customize the search in many ways, check out those features. Their appearance, results, etc., are more customizable than other engines. Found difficult terms’ results that some others (on this page) did not. Best for technical searches. To find images with DDG, use the (so-called) “slashtag”  /images. We have not yet tested the /videos “slashtag” on DDG. DDG is also on Tor now: http://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/   }DDG on the Tor network.
https://duckduckgo.com/bang#   }all the DDG bangs.  Their ! (“bang”) collection is impressive. More links than on this List, or perhaps any of our Lists; but, of course, only a small fraction of the 8000+ links on all the Lists.
https://duckduckgo.com/settings   }save settings to the clouds or load from there. Jae likes very dark grey with bright lime green;  I like burgundy background with neon blue letters.
http://enigma.io/    }engine searches the worlds’s public records databases, for free. You can selected “U.S. only” instead or “world”. Use the “open platform” here: http://enigma.io/publicdata/    }It unifies billions of records from thousands of government sources to make the world of public data universally accessible and useful. Free search account requested: an e-mail link. Search results: returned are many records from many national or global records databases; it is really too much information. However, this is the only engine that will give you business and government public records for free. Highly Recommended.
http://www.exalead.com/search/   }web search URL, allows partial word, wildcards, and “sounds like” searches. See also notes on Exalead below.
http://suche.freenet.de/   }this german search is new to us. We gave it a fairly easy test, and then tested it for images. We often search for the very same type of image with each search engine, so that at least one test is the same for each image search engine. Suche did very well. Recommended.
http://gibiru.com/   }uncensored anonymous search.  It is “powered by” google custom search, and a few others here are as well. (We now include google sites and engines, and don’t reject them as we did in the past issues of JKU.) They say this on the search page (edited): “Founded in 2009 by Internet Privacy advocats, Gibiru is the preferred Search Engine for Patriots. Gibiru is faster than the NSA Search Engines since it does
not install all sorts of personalization and tracking cookies on your system. Gibiru provides Uncensored and Unpersonalized Anonymous Web and News Results.Gibiru is Not partnered with the NSA so you can Browse  the Internet safely the way the Constitution would have intended. “ We found the site clean and the search relatively fast and easy to use. It also has links to “surveillance reports” and “anonymous news”. They also offer free plugins for Firefox users, 128 bit encryption and so on.  Here also is:
https://anonymous-gibiru.com/   }their secure (https), uncensored anonymous search.
http://www.gigablast.com/   }powered by clean energy, so-called “green” search engine, and the only one that we know of on the Web. This is a good engine for alternative leads and URLs, but weak when compared to, say, ISeek or Ixquick. Failed the hard search term test. Gigablast is one of the remaining four search engines in the United States that maintains its own searchable index of over a billion pages. It is scalable to thousands of servers. Has scaled to over 12 billion web pages on over 200 servers. It supports Distributed web crawler, Document conversion, Automated data corruption detection and repair, Can cluster results from same site, Synonym search, Spell checker and lot more. On GitHub: https://github.com/gigablast   }and
http://googlewebsitesearch.com/gw-search-tools/   }Google Website Search is Not affiliated with Google Inc. We won’t attempt to do an exhaustive study of Google search engines but we’re trying to come pretty darn close. We will shed light on Google’s arsenal of search engines large or small that are readily available for anyone to use today.
http://guigoog.com/index.html?q=&cx=partner-pub-0768117446212054:z8dgu5-yk7b&ie=UTF-8&cof=FORID:9#    }a newer search engine. Called ‘the iconic search tool’, this engine shows icons for various searching choices, such as websites, and you can search by date range, suggestions, filetypes, or location, as well. Related terms appear as you type, somewhat similar to Netspeak. Recommended.
http://www.hakia.com/   }this is a semantic search engine, and it functions well as one. The results supplied are text samples from the located pages, and it separates results into web, blog, video, etc. However, it failed to find a difficult result in our tests, one that Yippy easily found at once. But it did find a similar result, the same one that Blekko did. Failed the hard search term test. May 2014 Update: Hakia appears to be dying, and semantic search engines, are becoming extinct. We are unhappy about this. There is only one other good semantic search engine that still works, and that is I-Seek (reviewed on this list). 2015 Update: Replacement: http://www.netspeak.org/# }this engine doesn’t give exactly the same results as Hakia, and doesn’t say that it is a Semantic Search Engine, but it did well in our tests and finds occurrences of words and word groups in text, in the same way that Hakia did. Let us know if this site works for you.
http://iboogie.com/  }another newer search engine and also a clustering search engine. Since the demise of Yippy, the old and new clustering engines are popular again (2015). Our favorite is ISeek.com, and PolyMeta also clusters results, but not in the same way as iboogie.com or iseek.com. This site successfully passed our search tests.
http://www.lexxe.com/index.html   }a third generation Internet search engine with advanced Natural Language Processing technology. Lexxe is based in Sydney, Australia. “Lexxe”, /leksI/ or pronounced ‘leksi’, our company name, is derived from a linguistic term “Lexical”, which means “related to words”.  Lexxe’s search technology is built upon the foundation of advanced Natural Language technology. Did fairly in out tests; Lexxe has older information but not new info; other search engines, such as PolyMeta, tend to have newer info but little or no older info. This is useful to researchers, who, like everyone else, want the search result which they are are looking for to be on the first page. Lexxe may not be maintained any more; see also Dogpile and Infospace on this List. So, we’d use Lexxe to see non-new results first, and a newer engine to see new results first.
http://liszen.com/   } Find library blogs and other library resources with this engine.
http://www.nowrelevant.com/nrbeta/   }another new site, this one is still in its beta version. It claims to search 55,000,000 for recent news about your subject. You adjust a slider for how many days back you want it to search over, up to 14 days. Unfortunately, in our tests, it just said “searching”, and never actually returned any results, at all.
http://www.opensearch.org/Community/OpenSearch_search_engine_directories    }this is the list of sites that contain lists of search engines that support Open Search. To understand what Open Search is, if you’re not a search-application professional, you must read their FAQs at http://www.opensearch.org/Documentation/Frequently_asked_questions   }they have some interesting links with the Wikis, too. Read about that here: http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki     }links for FAQs, etc. here; a free software open source wiki package written in PHP, originally for use on Wikipedia. It is now also used by several other projects of the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation and by many other wikis, including this website, the home of MediaWiki. Use the links below to explore the site contents. You’ll find some content translated into other languages, but the primary documentation language is English.
https://www.qwant.com/   }Qwant is an EU-based search engine launched on February 16, 2013, as a beta version. A final version was released on July 4, 2013. Qwant offers several types of results including conventional websites, online stores, news websites and social networks. According to its founder, Qwant does not want to compete with Google but “to show something different”. In Search mode, the results are organized in columns: Web, News, Qnowledge Graph (displayed only if there is an article on Wikipedia), Social, Shopping. It is possible to refine the search for each column by typing another keyword. The “Media” mode is for photos and videos; while the “People” mode if for finding people or organizations on social networks like Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, and Myspace. Users can create a free account allowing them to create notebooks and notes.
http://scour.com/index.html   }another one of the newer sites (January 2104). If you find this from another search engine you’ll arrive at the sign-up/sign-in page; this link takes you to the search bar. Polls yahoo, bing/msn, and google, and then weighs the results against their users’ feedback about them. In our hard test, ‘web’ category, it did better than expected. Their results also have a “open in new window” button similar to Yippy’s. In our hard ‘images’ test, the results were very disappointing. Ixquick, Info, and Mamma all returned better results in the same test. Google’s results are inferior for the opposite reason: they return too many results, not just in images, but in all categories. We assume that most users are like us, and don’t have all day to search through a huge pile of google results. February 2014 Update: Scour has received some good ratings and reviews, but we found it to be average, not bad, but not so good either. A good alternative to the other metasearches, maybe, but we prefer the ones that search more than merely bing, google, yahoo. Dogpile searches Yandex now, for example, and can return different results than the other three do. Does well on image searches, and shows some links that the other engines or metasearch engines don’t. Medium size thumbs with frames, caption, URL, but no dimensions, those are very important for image searches. Recommended otherwise. Appears to be made for mobile device users.
http://www.secretsearchenginelabs.com/   }their beta version, we’re still testing it. On our hard test, they missed the mark, but that’s why it’s a hard test. Their “about” page at http://www.secretsearchenginelabs.com/about.php   }tells us that  “We are a search engine giving you the less popular search results often omitted by mainstream search giants. Our long term goal is to become the best search engine on the Internet for traditional web search.” This site would be recommended, but the results page shows many ads. Several search engines today group sponsored results with the search results, but SSE sometimes shows only sponsored “results”, ads. Failed the hard search term test. 2014 Update:  We re-checked this site today. We were one of his first customers, so to speak, and contributed URLs to his directory. This is an experimental search engine, made by a single Finnish computer scientist from Finland. Now, it returns many results, and not just all ads as before, and not dominated by foreign websites in foreign languages, etc. as before. Did well in our easy term test, and we found at least one site both useful and interesting from them. Recommended for an experimental search engine. 2015 Update: needs to crawl more sites.
http://searchalta.com/new/   }a newer engine; it seems to not be altavista. Site did well in our easy and hard search tests. The image and video results were somewhat disappointing; but the site has features that other engines lack, features you look for and are pleased to find, such as selecting what file type you want the results to be. For that, we Recommend this one.  Also, no color options in the options/preferences; your only choice is white screen, black ink. Still, we Recommend this engine.
http://www.surfok.de/   }this engine is new to us. It is from Germany, and most of it is in German. In out tests, it found sites that the American search engines did not. It is clean and easy to use, Recommended. Several quick link buttons on the main page.
http://www.webfetch.com/   }2015 Update:  redirects to  http://msxml.excite.com/ , which did rather poorly in our tests. See instead Startpage or Zoo.
http://www.wolframalpha.com/   }2015 Update: this engine has also been improved. It did well in our hard and easy tests, and, we can Recommend it now.
http://www.wotbox.com   }Wotbox is independent Search Engine that has been in development since October 2002 and live since July 2003. After lying dormant for many years the Wotbox bots came back to life again in the summer of 2012. After many months of development resulted in a brand new index launched in the summer of 2013. This one did well in our tests; Recommended. WOT is an acronym that means, Web Of Trust. http://www.xmarks.com/    }For finding similar sites culled from our database of over 800 million bookmarks.Features Overview, what the Xmarks add-on and website can do for you.  Install Xmarks on each computer you use, and it seamlessly integrates with your web browser and keeps your bookmarks safely backed up and in sync. Xmarks will sync across browsers too. Today we support Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Safari (Mac OS). Smarter Search: Xmarks will highlight the top sites in your search results based on how other users have bookmarked and rated them. Simply click to learn more. (Available in Firefox only.)
http://narod.yandex.ru   }the famous Russian search engine. Translating the pages makes them easier to read. Finds URLs that the others don’t, sometimes. This was the only search engine besides Curry Guide to find three results in our hard search term test!
http://yubnub.org/   }”a treasury of user-submitted shortcuts that enable you to search the Web more quickly and efficiently.  YubNub is officially a “social command line for the Web”, which basically means that you can create your own shortcuts for pretty much anything you’ve been able to search for on the Web, from a simple site search to much more complex commands. Personally, I use YubNub to execute Web searches that I find myself doing over and over and over again, such as: abws: This searches the About Web Search site for anything; i.e., “abws search engines.” deli: Searches del.icio.us,one of my favorite social bookmarking sites on the Web. digg: Searches Digg, a popular user-driven site that votes stories up or down depending on content.” We found yubnub to be unnecessary. Several of the commands are duplicative, most try to speed up using google URL, apis, or searches; but those are already quite fast: how long would it take to type or text gmail.com ?  2 seconds, 3 seconds?”   What does the word “yubnub” mean? “remember hearing this word as a kid, watching one of the Star Wars movies. Evidently it means “Hooray” in the Ewok language. “
http://zuula.com   }provides the results from your favorite search engine unaltered, so you can check those first and then get results from other search engines simply by clicking on their tabs. If you want to switch back and forth between search engines, Zuula remembers where you were. And Zuula keeps sponsored links (which are paid advertisements) clearly separated from the regular search results. However, this search result aggregator was disappointing in our easy tests. It returned results from google only, and for the other tabbed search engines, said that they were loading too slowly, or a similar disappointing message. For example, Bing; and Yahoo. We liked the tabs idea a lot; but in our tests, big engines like Yahoo and Bing were too slow, causing zuula to return no results. Google worked, and Ol’ Gigablast, too. Recommended.
http://www.zoo.com/   }More colorful looking, slick design, probably made for mobile device users. Their image search is still good, same as Webfetch; these are small enough, with a frame around each result and the dimension of the image, and the URL. Recommended. The web search results are very slow, but the site may be receiving heavy usage. The image search results were faster in our easy test. Web results were relevant and easy to read and use. Overall, at least as good as their other engines, such as Webfetch and Dogpile.  All the Infospace engines together are Highly Recommended as the best alternative to the dominant three search engines today. In our hard search term tests, it did well on the first one, but failed to find the second one. Both were normal English language words. Wikitionary had the second hard search term. “Zoo has been created to give you the best search results available on the Web, alongside some new features to make your search experience even more rewarding. Zoo gives you the best results by searching all the most popular engines and retrieving the best combined results; allows you to search multiple leading search engines at once, returning more comprehensive and relevant results, fast. 2015 Update: Zoo did poorly in normal usage recently; we can no longer Recommend it.

B. Older sites:
http://websearch.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=websearch&cdn=compute&tm=132&f=00&su=p284.13.342.ip_p504.6.342.ip_&tt=2&bt=1&bts=0&zu=http%3A//www.findarticles.com/   }this is the about.com search engine. Clean results, shows source, but crowded with sponsored links above and below results. In our easy search test, returned results comparable to Yippy, but fewer of them.
http://botw.org/   }Best of the Web Directory, since 1994. Internet’s oldest directory. Failed the hard search term test, did well in the others.. BOTW is a human edited directory. They will decline your listing if they don’t like the site. A submission is $150 annually or $300 for a permanent listing. Recommended.
http://www.congoo.com/news/news.aspx   }since at least 2007, Congoo’s news service is a uniquely valuable tool for staying current on anything. Congoo News is the most comprehensive news source on the Web aggregating stories from over 25,000 free and subscription content sources. Congoo’s technology organizes articles into stories and stories into subjects; Congoo is a free real-time news, networking and information portal. Congoo’s unique channels merge the most important news with industries’ most important people.
http://www.cuil.pt/    }this website was said to have died recently, but we found this viable link for it, for you. See also  http://techcrunch.com/2010/09/17/cuil-goes-down-and-we-hear-its-down-for-good/   }for why some thinks it’s gone, and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuil   }gives description and background. 2012 Note: Cuil is now “powered” by Google Custom Search, they say. 03nov12 Update: The Cuil site is basically just down now, and doesn’t work at all. Recommended that you use other search engines.
http://www.curryguide.com   }this is the URL for their new website, which is still under development. Their old engine can be found at http://web.curryguide.com/   }based in the UK, curry guide is one of the oldest metasearch engines that still exists, since 1997. Many of their features are similar to those of other metasearch engines. They were one of the first to have a visual-search. One of the very few which has an “mp3 search” feature, it no longer works very well (but the mp3s it does find are real and do download for free) but perhaps the new version’s will. If Exalead is “the French Google”, then Curry Guide is “the English Google”. On the old site, the image search feature is very weak. The new site works much better, including the image search. Curry guide was the only other engine besides Yandex to find three results in the hard search term test.
http://www.entireweb.com/   }although this engine is said to have a big index, and even though it is only 11 years old, we found that it did poorly in our tests compared to these others. Still, it found 1 of 2 results for our hard search term.
http://www.exalead.com/search   }this site is still a good site, but uses Google redirects, and in our most recent test, these all failed; however, right-clicking on the URL itself with ‘open in new tab’ fixed the problem. It has features similar to the other search engines listed here but is still unique. As with the others, click preferences to customize your search. Also allows advance searching, with features that some others don’t have, such as phonetic or “sounds like” searching. Allows for “audio” search selection. Inconsistent results, searching deeply for some items then poorly for others. Also has the “inurl” feature. Recommended. Exalead claims to be “the leading provider for searches and search-based-applications”. Its image search feature is very weak, as was the video search feature in our tests. Exalead has 3 other search engines at http://labs.exalead.com/   }but we found them weak.
http://www.freeality.com/meta.htm   }freeality is another site that has been around for years, but is still one of the best search-link sites and reference-link sites on the web. Their site is quick and easy to use, with clearly readable pages, good colors and page layout.  They are definitely one of our major competitors. Of course, no website, including google, is as thorough as JKU is, no one has the breadth and depth of coverage that we do. But since it is fast and easy to use, we consider Freeality highly recommended. Their only flaw, is that often, button or other links are broken links, or DLs as we call them (stands for dead links). It is time-consuming and somewhat tedious to keep up with all the link replacements.
http://www.galaxy.com/    }this little search engine gave better results than some of the big ones. As the Web’s original searchable directory, you can search the web or the directory with it. Good appearance, easy to use. Failed the hard search term test.
http://www.incywincy.com/   }one of the newer search engines (2012). A showcase of Net Research Server (NRS) 5.0, a software product that provides a complete search portal solution, developed by LoopIP LLC. Features: specializes in forms search; allows search with (but not –inurl); and advanced search, prefs, safe search on/off, and a Directory. More info at:  http://www.incywincy.com/default?page=learnmore   }shows their other important features. Unfortunately, it failed completely in our images test, and so can be considered completely useless for image searches. However, it does give some good results, since we have seen it used by our Copernic desktop search, which allows you to group results by engine. 17oct13 Update: DL.
http://www.info.com   }good for image searches, etc. Info is very competitive with Dogpile, and similar to it (in terms of results, not appearances), but is not an Infoseek product. Found two results in the hard search term test.
http://search.infoweb.net/   }in one of our tests, we had to use a URL proxy to use this search engine, but it was probably an old browser’s glitch (or old computer’s) since the site and engine worked fine through the proxy. Another proxy gave us the “404” error.  However, there is a link for the infoweb:  http://search.iwsearch.net/?mysearch=GoogleMore&cx=partner-pub-4439433893956309%3Aq0ed2xawn7u&cof=FORID%3A9&ie=ISO-8859-1&q=&sa=Search   }this is the link that gets you to the infoweb search engine. In our test, the engine still  worked and did well. Found two results in the hard search term test.
http://www.ipl.org/   }from Cal’s article on the invisible web, databases, and directories. The IPL is a really good search engine for academic results, but can be used for other searches as well. DL 2015. Replacement: http://www.lapl.org/collections-resources/web-resources/magazines-newspapers-online-news-services    }Magazines, Newspapers, & Online News Services. 369 links on the page; Recommended.
http://www.iseek.com   }this is better than a search engine, since it provides information about the search results it finds for you, in the left-hand margin. Similar to Yippy! (formerly Clusty (formerly Vivisimo)), but goes beyond just clusters, highlighting, and search within results, 3 things that make Yippy! one of our favorite search engines, and we have see them All. Iseek has some demonstration videos which show how to get more out of the engine: http://www.iseek.com/iseek/info.html?view=about   }and they say “At Vantage Labs, we wanted to use our advanced linguistic, conceptual, and AI technologies to make Web search better by making it more relevant, direct, productive, and intelligent. But what we built isn’t just a search engine. By making Web search more intelligent and intuitive, we’ve left “searching” behind and now offer you Targeted Discovery, the new era of information retrieval on the Web.:
http://www.ixquick.com   }Ixquick is the world’s most private search engine. It was once one of the top-rated metasearch-engines in the world, and is also one of the oldest ones that still exists. Allows, e.g., image searches without using cookies, and does not record your IP address, etc.; only Ixquick does this. You can also do proxy searches through them, thus leaving no traces. Their advanced search is very sophisticated, allowing you to utilize the features that each search engine has; more info at http://us2.ixquick.com/eng/what-makes-ixquick-special.html   }their description page. We find Ixquick’s site- and search result-pages to pleasant looking and easier to read than most search engines. Their image search is one of the best. This is a much better metasearch-engine than google is. Others are better than google in specific ways or with specific features, but this one is better overall, including readability and ease of use. Found two results in the hard search term test. Returns video results basically only from Blinkx, which has been quite FUBAR in recent years. Recommended.
http://www.joeant.com/DIR/search.php   }this is one of the oldest directories on the web, that is still one the web (and not in archive.org). The directory sites are hand-chosen by human editors, however, and so we have included it here. “JoeAnt.com is about providing a directory of quality sites for Internet users. Our goal is to list the best sites for a wide variety of topics giving our users the most relevant results for their searches.
Former Go.com volunteer guides who wanted to keep their community alive by creating a new directory founded JoeAnt.com. It is a community where every editor has the opportunity to make a difference by finding and adding the best sites in their chosen topics. JoeAnt.com was originally launched in the spring of 2001. We soon realized that our rapid growth required some changes. We introduced a new look in August 2002 with changes which included a fully spiderable index, faster results in searches, and better tools for our editors. We do know that JoeAnt will continue to grow and evolve to meet the needs of our users and our editors. If you want to be a part of this future, become a JoeAnt editor.” Failed one of our search tests.
http://www.live.com    }advanced search site/domain specification.   }2011 Update: old info: not any more. Now it takes you to your hotmail sign-in page. See also bing.
http://www.lukol.com/       }this is a new site to us, but a stats check of the site showed that it has been around for about 10 years. It seems to be the competition for Ixquick, in that they both offer totally anonymous searching online. They say “Unlike other search engines, Lukol does not track or share personal information: We do NOT record your IP address, browser data, or operating system. We do NOT send tracking cookies to your computer. We do NOT record your search terms. We do NOT share your private data (IP address, cookies, and search terms) with governments. When we obtain enhanced results from Google, we tunnel your search query through our proxy servers, without exposing your IP or cookie data.” Ixquick offers the same services. So, this is like google results through a proxy, same as Ixquick’s Startpage.
http://www.mamma.com  }mamma is one of the oldest metacrawlers on the Web, since the 1990s. It has a pleasant appearance and ease of use similar to Ixquick. It is good with images and produces results similar to Ixquick but fewer of them. One of our favorite for quick results, since it produces short lists but which usually contain what you’re looking for. They’ve also recently improved their “jobs” tab and added a “local” tab. Mamma has one new drawback, though: it mixes sponsored results in with the search results, not grouped separately, and you have to check each URL to see which is which. Found both results in the hard search term test. May 2014 Update: Mamma be fine. Use as substitute for Yippy now.
http://www.mastersite.com/    }this site has lots of ads, and it is not clear what type of searches it is best for. It seems best for consumer commercial uses.
http://www.mastersite.com/search.htm    }here’s the master-site list of search engines.
http://www.monstercrawler.com/   }this crawler did better on our hard tests than most of the others. Its image searches were satisfying as well. We recommend it. Though started in 1999, it’s a current site since this is a new version of it. Found both results in the hard search term test. Highly Recommended among the older engines.
http://mycroftproject.com/search-engines.html?name=zoo  } Here are the Search Engine Plugins / Search Providers that match your query. Click once on the name to install. Confirm the addition and the new engine will appear in the search bar shortly. Output was cached at 04:14 on 27 Feb 2014. To bypass the cache, please use the advanced search and select ‘skip cache’.
http://www.pandia.com   }2014 Update: Pandia is long gone now.
http://www.pandia.com/plus/   }DL 7/2011. Alas, the Pandia Web directory has been shut down, but the page is still up and has a search bar for the famous Open Directory there. 2015 Update: DL.
http://www.pandia.com/metasearch/index.html   }the Pandia metasearch is here. Note that they recently (and unknown to us) gave their top metasearch engine award to Ixquick!. In our tests, this metasearcher found results that several of the best engines and crawlers did not; we consider this a significant result. However, not as many of them were relevant to the search term as we would have liked. DL 2104.
http://www.pandia.com/resources/search-directories.html   }showing how directories are different from search engines. DL 2104.
http://www.pandia.com/powersearch/index.html   }allows you to choose specific Web  search tools. DL 2104.
http://www.search.com/   }”Search.com, owned by CNET Networks, is a truly excellent meta search engine. Search.com retrieves results from Google, Ask Jeeves, LookSmart, AltaVista, MSN Search, and more. Search.com, being part of the CNET network, also gives you instant access to their stable of technology sites, which include CNET.com (obviously), Download.com, and ZDNet.com.”Unfortunately, this one failed completely in our image test.
http://www.seekfreak.com/    }this site was started in 2003 and is still up and running today (Oct.2014). From the frontpage, you can select dual or quad, and when you enter your search term, it will display results in 2 or 4 search result windows respectively. For dual, it uses bing and google. For quad, bing, google, ask, and then repeated bing in the fourth window in our tests. This is very handy for searches, since you can 1-click to many other search engines from the same page. In our test it instantly linked to Mamma, one of the other search engines on this List. Easily adds to browser engine list or bookmarks and bookmarklets. Recommended. Every engine we tested for this site still works, except for one. Site has a page which allows user to add bookmarks for the selected search engines directly to the bookmark bar.
http://www.showsite.org/    }shows information and analysis of website.
http://www.ufoseek.com/   }The UFO Paranormal Search Engine, News, forums.
http://www.whak.com    }older search which can only be used from within seekfreak, above. When used by itself, it redirects to the seekfreak webpage. When used from within seekfreak, it returns its own results, but gets them from master.com. However, it produced rather different results from bing and google in one of our harder tests, so we Recommend it.
http://www.yahoo.com    }same, plus Yahoo’s results page will translate a page. Found two results in the hard search term test. 2014 Update: yahoo search is owned by bing now, but the URL still works, apparently still using yahoo’s own directory. We will have to test further to determine this. We want to know, does Bing use their engines and directory and then supply the results to yahoo? Is yahoo now just a portal for bing?
http://dir.yahoo.com/   }this is the page for searching Yahoo’s directory, rather than its search engine. See the brief intro/tutorial at http://www.pandia.com/resources/search-directories.html   }see below for more info.
http://ca.yahoo.com/    }the Canadian yahoo site, listed as a good meta-index.
https://ecom.yahoo.com/dir/submit/intro?.scrumb=    }the Yahoo Directory page, one of the oldest directories on the web.
http://www.yippy.com    }May 2014 Update: Yippy appears to be dying now, also. It has declined as a search engine or metasearch engine in recent years. 2015 Update: use http://www.iseek.com  instead, or one of the other clustering search engines listed here. Lexxe is a natural language search engine like Iseek or hakia. PolyMeta is similar; and PolyMeta is a clustering search engine, and so is IBoogie. Gigablast can cluster results, as well.

C. Visual sites: (see also the Photolist http://bit.ly/xW0TcJ  and the Videolist http://sdrv.ms/OxyWpF for more visual search engines and apps.)
http://www.grokker.com    }new visual engine. DL 2011. We were quite surprised to see Grokker down! It’s not that old, was interesting, and worked well.
http://www.kartoo.com   }original visual search. 2011 Update: Kartoo is apparently no longer a visual search engine, although it was the first of them that we knew of. It has been completely redesigned and is now an easy-to-read, fast metasearch engine. The strange thing about Kartoo is that all the other search results and lists still think that it is a graphical or visual engine – even Kartoo itself! However, it yields no graphical results at all in any of our tests. It did, however, surprise us by finding four results in the hard search term test! The same three that Yandex found, plus an additional one related closely to one of those. No other search engine to date has found four results, three of them relevant and one related to one of them.
http://www.masternewmedia.org/top-visual-search-engines-the-most-interesting-ways-to-visually-explore-search-engine-results/   }one researcher’s ratings of the visual search engines.
http://www.oskope.com/   }this is a different kind of visual search engine. After selecting a source, then topic, subject, or category, this “throws” images up on the screen, and you can change the viewing size of them. It takes a little time for the engine to find the images and show them, so give it a minute to work. Hovering enlarges. Since two of the sources are commercial sales sources, you can view products of any kind before you buy them (if images are available). We’re recommending this to Julie Éclair and she’ll test its usefulness for her image collections. Try out the view settings. Recommended. 2014 Update: this is now the best of the visual search engines. Many are gone, and spezify really doesn’t work that well anymore, and so on.
http://www.pixlogic.com/products/Web%20Edition.html   }although we usually only link to free products and services, we mention this piXserve Web Edition since it is supposed to be the ultimate image tool. We were unable to find a free version of this. Read their info page, and the free pdf download advertisements, and you’ll see what we mean. Apparently, the CIA, for example, uses a version of this for identifying people by their faces: facial recognition. Here is: http://www.forbes.com/2004/05/04/cx_pp_0504visualsearch_ii.html   }a very informative article about the software and piXlogic, the company that makes it.
http://www.quintura.com/?request=&tab=0&page=1&tabid=   }not really a true visual search engine, it gives a tag-cloud above the results, which are then simply displayed in the usual manner. It did average on our tests for a relatively hard item, but not quite as well as Kartoo. However: the tag-cloud can be used like Yippy’s clusters, to select which search results to display, a very good feature. Sites automatically opened in new window, w/o having to fiddle w/settings. Quintara also found three results, along with Curry Guide and Yandex, in our hard term test. 11nov13 Update: this URL now geos to Quintara Kids, for children.
http://www.search-cube.com/    }produces a 3-d visual cube consisting of images from the webpages that are the search results. The controls are a little “sticky” and some patience is required in the use of it. It is like a toy; the same results (and better and worse) can be obtained from the other engines, but, we include it as a visual search engine. Also found three results in our hard search term test. Update 2014: the old search cube is gone, and the site claims they are working on a new one. Currently redirects to a google custom search.
http://wwws.spacetime.com/#   }this visual search engine searches google, Wikipedia, and youtube for results. In our tests, it performed well on the “youtube” setting, but poorly on the “google”, “images”, and “Wikipedia” settings, often producing no results at all, or no previews (images) from these at all. We didn’t like it except for youtube previews. This one also found three results in our hard search term test, but couldn’t produce images for any of them, not on “google” setting, and not on “images” setting. That’s a big failure for a visual search engine.
http://www.spezify.com/   }this is the newest visual search result site, and it is fun to use, but can be non-obvious at times. Uses (apparently) Flash to post results on a page in a visual format, consisting of excerpts from the page(s) found. Newest Flash apparently required. One of our favorite visual searches, though not a map, and not graphical in that sense. Failed the hard search term test completely, finding no results at all. Did fairly well in our image test, but returned flash files for results. For images, click on the panel at the bottom of the image to go to the site with image selected;  but otherwise you are stuck at that image. When you find a way to go to the searchpage http://www.spezify.com again, your query is gone, and spezify does not have type-ahead. So, images and videos are flash files. They say: “When searching with Spezify, a visual overview of a word or a subject appears. Pictures, texts, micro blogs, videos and music from a range of websites and search engines are presented side by side. Today Yahoo, Amazon, eBay, MSN Live Search and Twitter are found among the content providers. We eventually found a way to back up to the results page without losing them, but, we rate this site difficult and tricky to use.
http://www.touchgraph.com    }allows searches by URLs. This seems to be basically a pay-site or –app, but you can use it free here:  http://www.touchgraph.com/seo   }just find the input bar, and then click “Graph it!” button. This is probably the best visual search engine for actual research, that you can use for free. (JKU never advertises nor endorses commercial products. We are Free.) Usage: click on a cluster and the URLs, quotes, excerpts, etc., all the data appears on the left-hand part of the screen. If you click “get related”, it shows a new cluster based on the selected item. Found only two results in our hard search term test.
http://www.viewzi.com/   }DL 2011. Another one down!

IV. Addr. and Ph. nrs.
http://www.411.com  }one of the best free searches. Returns many results, and quickly, including in what turned out to be a “hard test” for almost all the people search engines. Recommended. 26jan14 Update: http://www.411.com/reverse_phone   }site may be broken. In an easy reverse-lookup test, result page was blank and there was no work-around possible. In an earlier similar test, found data on the number with no problems. Showed on map, gave address, type of phone or phone line, and carrier.  25mar14 Update: site is working fine.
http://www.anywho.com   }U.S. White and Yellow pages from AT&T.  The AnyWho White Pages is updated weekly with phone numbers of individuals from across the nation. For best results, include both the first and last name when searching the AnyWho White Pages and, if you have it, the ZIP Code. Search for local businesses by name to quickly find their Yellow Pages listings with basic details and maps, plus any additional time and money-saving features, such as coupons, video profiles or online reservations. Search by category to browse and filter local business listings and to see mapped results. Or, if you just have a number, search for a business by phone number to find its Yellow Pages listing just as well. Whatever method works for you best, it’s all good. Also reverse look-up, zip & area code finder, and maps
http://www.anywho.com/reverse-lookup   }their reverse-lookup page. Found no results in an easy test, and links to “yp” yellow pages with results. In another test, found the correct result immediately.
http://www.areacodelocations.info/reverse.html     This website is maintained by an independent professional with quite a few years of experience in telecommunications. AreaCodeLocations.info is the result of my
affinity for everything telecom related and also, for creating easy to use, informative websites AreaCodeLocations.info uses mostly information published by the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA). New overlay codes and splits announcements are received from the NANPA via email and published in the area code news section. The advantage offered by this website over similar
ones is the simplicity of its design and navigation structure resulting in an easy to use yet comprehensive
area code resource. My goal is for all visitors to spend as little of their time as possible looking for information on this website.
http://www.askyp.com/   }Online Yellow Pages and Phone Directory with reverse phone number, maps, zipcode, areacode, local search and latitude & longitude.
http://www.city-data.com/   }If you ever need to research any city, zip code, or neighborhood for any reason, from considering a move there to just checking where somebody you know is staying, this is the site for you.
http://www.dialingcode.com/   }Here you can find the dialing codes and country codes for all major countries in an easy to use interface. Select the country you are calling from and to in the search box and you will be presented with the relevant dialing code. You can also select the area within the country you wish to call.
http://www.freeality.com/finde.htm      }reverse white-, yellow-pages, e-mail, etc. This page uses several of the same search services listed here. Most of them are pay-sites, and give you little or nothing for free. Freeality is still Recommended, but too many of the services are not free.
http://www.freecellphonedirectorylookup.com/Default.aspx    }Free Cell Phone Directory Lookup is the top cell phone directory resource for looking up people online. Use our cell phone number lookup and cell phone directory tools to track down anyone in the USA. The cell phone directory databases where information is pulled are updated frequently and can provide current address, land lines, cell phone numbers, and email addresses. Not all information is free.
http://www.ixquick.com    }regular and reverse phone number look-up. This one found an ordinary address and phone number in the U.S. that neither the freeality.com nor the superpages.com could find!
http://itools.com/tool/spokeo-email-address-lookup    }Spokeo E-mail Address Search:Find out who’s behind an e-mail address. Look up an e-mail address and find the owner’s name, see their social media profiles, photos, street address, and phone number.
http://itools.com/tool/spokeo-people-finder-by-name    }Spokeo People Finder by Name. Contact info, public profiles. Spokeo is a people search engine that organizes White Pages listings, Public Records and Social
Network Information to help you safely find & learn about people.
http://www.peekyou.com/   }this is another good free people search, did well in our tests. Recommended. Second-best after Pipl, and as good as Zabasearch, below. Main flaw with most of these sites, is that (after finding the person you’ve named, etc.) they give very little information, and are trying, sometimes too hard, to redirect you in to the big pay-for “background check” websites, “premium” people finders, and so on. There are only about 4 of those, and most of the former people-search engines redirect to them. They are big-bidness and make a lot of money charging people for data that is free, and that’s why we won’t list them here. This one links to peoplesmart, which charges for the street address.
http://www.peoplesmart.com/psp.aspx?_act=go&search=name   }this service also returns a long, simple, easy to read list of results given just first, last, and state; but unfortunately is a pay site and so we don’t recommend it.
https://pipl.com/   }2015 Update: PIPL is back.
http://publicrecords.searchsystems.net/   }public records directory and search.
http://www.reversephonedirectory.com/reverse-phone-lookup/   }works, but is a pay-service. Found 1 record in an easy test. In another test, found a free result immediately.
http://snitch.name/   }in our tests, this service did well. It returns results from several of the most popular people-search services, and displays their results all on one page. You can use the provider’s webpage right on the snitch page. However, we are unable to recommend it, since the providers are all pay-for services, and won’t give you the info without paying by credit card first.  Uses 123people.com, which charges for the address.
http://www.superpages.com   }directories, links to maps, zip code search, etc. Superpages.com is the local expert, and a top online resource for finding information and insights on businesses and retailers. Every month we help millions of consumers find valuable local business information from driving directions and hours of operation to Web links and customer reviews.
https://www.usps.com/     }searches by name, addr, zip.
http://www.whitepages.com/reverse_address     }Find People, Phone Numbers, Addresses & More. Whitepages is the largest and most trusted online directory with contact information for over 90% of US adults. Online since 8 April 1996. Number 907 of all websites according to Alexa.  This is their Reverse Address page.
http://www.wtng.info/   }World Telephone Numbering Guide (WTNG) provides information on the world’s
telephone numbering formats. This includes various website links regarding telephone numbering. Area code lists, text articles, news of phone number changes, number-finding forms are included as much as feasible. There is information under each country, region or service reference containing information such as area code or numbering changes, links to area code lists or numbering news, and subscriber number/area code formats to the extent WTNG can find and include such details. Please note that details are missing in some cases,due to incomplete availability of phone numbering information. Also, the information is subject to some disclaimers.
http://www.yoname.com/   }this free people search service, shows a large photo of the person found in the search results. Shows other first names with entered last name, when no results for entered first name last name. Failed in one of our hard tests, but still recommended.
http://www.zabasearch.com/   }free public information search. 2013 Update: this link gets redirected, and the search service won’t show you the info until you’ve paid by credit card first.  12apr13 Update: now http://www.zabasearch.com/   }says, “At first we thought we could charge for a premium service, but then we decided to just give it away for free. Access Premium Searches here at Zaba by logging in with your Facebook account. It’s simple, and fast.”  Well, it is one of the second-best people-search sites, with Pipl being the first best. It did well in our tests, and returned many results for a person whose location we know, including where he used to live, that is, the correct result.

V. Audio Resources. (includes music sites)
(See also the JKU Poetry List: http://sdrv.ms/xYANGU )(and see also the Videolist: http://sdrv.ms/OxyWpF   for A/V apps and sites.)
Note: The Web is full of many audio- and music-finding services and apps these days, and we can’t know what kind of files you’ll be looking for. However, we don’t advertise or promote commercial or pay-sites. This narrows what we research and share; and to further narrow it, we share with you some of the sites we ourselves actually use. Many services that say they’re free, aren’t: they try to deceive you. Most music download sites want sign-up, registration, or both; we’ve listed below the ones that don’t. Also note that this Category includes music and non-music links.
http://www.altavista.com/audio   }narrow results to given formats: mp3, etc.
http://www.airmp3.me/   }this site finds good music for free, but it finds “videos”, that is music files with a picture or photo, that you can play on the site, and the audio quality is good. But the download files are blocked, missing, etc., and don’t download. To download the “video”, go to the source URL, such as youtube, and then download the video, and then convert it to mp3 (or whatever).
http://www.beemp3.com  }has surprising results sometimes, some useful, some not.  You’ll want to avoid obvious ads, trick ads, and redirected ads.
http://www.brainwashed.com/     } In August of 2005, we retired The Brain to reinvent Brainwashed.com, where content is provided daily, as news can’t wait for once per week.  The new system is searchable with archives of all old reviews and content from the old way of doing things.  Brainwashed.com is an archival, educational, promotional non-profit service. The material included on Brainwashed radio is being used permissibly thanks to the copyright owners of the original sound recordings and is broadcasting at a frequency comparable to a poor FM radio signal without the fidelity necessary to make phonographic duplicates. You can search Brainwashed here: http://www.brainwashed.com/search.html   }search.
http://www.ccmixter.org/    }This is a community music remixing site featuring remixes and samples licensed under Creative Commons licenses. Music on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons license. You are free to download and sample from music on this site and share the results with anyone, anywhere, anytime. Some songs might have certain restrictions, depending on their specific licenses. Each submission is marked clearly with the license that applies to it. ccHost is a web-based media hosting engine upon which Creative Commons’ ccMixter remix web community is built. The software is written in PHP and uses the MySQL database server. In 2005 it won Linux World’s award for Best Open Source solution. At ccMixter, musicians and DJs are using Creative Commons licensing to share music content and build a community of artists, thanks to the open source back-end system ccHost, an infrastructure designed to facilitate storage, tracking, and sharing of multimedia content.
http://www.digital-librarian.com/audio.html   }500 links.
http://www.ehow.com/how-does_5244327_resonance-can-used-amplify-sound.html   }She sings a note that is at exactly the same frequency as the resonant frequency of the glass. That makes the glass vibrate violently, and if she holds the note more than a few seconds, the glass breaks. So, you need to figure out what pitch the sound you want to amplify will be (what frequency it will be) and then find an object that will resonate at a complementary frequency. It all depends on what kind of sound you want to amplify.
http://www.etr-usa.com/specs/   }MediaMaster is the easiest to use full-featured media delivery system for schools, with support for everything from VCRs to modern IPTV and video on demand systems. MediaMaster is based on open technologies, so you are assured a flexible and manageable system that integrates with your school’s network.
http://www.exalead.com/search/   }Exalead also has a multimedia selector, which allows you to select audio or video results from among the search results. Here’s an example of their audio search:
http://www.exalead.com/search/web/results/?q=siouxsie+multimedia%3AAudio   }we searched for “siouxsie” first and then selected “audio”; the results are shown. 2015 Update: Exalead is one of the few engines which will find the mp3 files for you. Page is still there, May, 2015.
http://www.fast-mp3.com   }has broken links, or DLs, just like mp3raid. DL 2014.
http://www.findsounds.com    }Welcome to FindSounds.com, a free site where you can search the Web for sound
effects. On August 1, 2015, FindSounds.com celebrated its 15-year anniversary as
the leading Web search engine for sound effects. Search for sound effects. FindSounds.com is a free site for finding sound effects on the Web. It is a Web search engine, like Google and Yahoo, but with a focus on sounds. It provides powerful features, yet is simple and easy to use, and suitable for all ages. Note to parents: audio files containing obscenities are filtered out so this site is safe for children. To learn how to search the Web using FindSounds.com, visit the Help page. They also have a mobile version, one for android, and new downloadable apps.
http://freemusicarchive.org/   }this site is fast and clean. Seems like a good place to get new and contemporary music. They want you to sign-up and log-in, but don’t seem to require it. Lots of indy bands and music. The Free Music Archive is an interactive library of high-quality, legal audio downloads directed by WFMU, the most renowned freeform radio station in American Radio has always offered the public free access to new music. The Free Music Archive is a continuation of that purpose, designed for the age of the internet.
http://freemusicarchive.org/genre/Folk/    }their folkmusic page. Free samples of the tunes on this page, and all their other pages. Recommended.
http://www.freesound.org/   }Freesound is a collaborative database of Creative Commons
Licensed sounds.  Browse, download and share sounds.
https://www.jamendo.com/    }The #1 platform for free music. Free music downloads for private use – Royalty
free music licenses for commercial purposes. More than 55,000 albums by independent artists.
http://macaulaylibrary.org/    }We invite you to explore the world’s largest archive of wildlife sounds and
videos. Our mission: To collect, preserve, and facilitate the use of wildlife recordings for science, education, conservation, and the arts.
http://www.midomi.com/   }midomi is the ultimate music search tool because it is powered by your voice. Sing, hum, or whistle to instantly find your favorite music and connect with a community that shares your musical interests. midomi features an extensive digital music store with a growing collection of more than two million legal music tracks. You can listen to samples of original recordings, buy the full studio versions directly from midomi, and play them on your Windows computer or compatible music players.
http://www.mp3raid.com   }watch out for pop-ups and ads. Must download first to verify URLs of files.
http://mp3raj.com/music-for-the-mabinogi/alb152878/    }this site also has short samples of songs. Not easy to download full song form this site, but, you can listen to part of a tune to see if it’s the one you’re thinking of or looking for.
archive.museophile.sbu.ac.uk/audio       }150 links to audio resources. DL 2011
http://www.musgle.com/    }this is just google, but using a “inurl” modification string similar the ones that we use when searching for music files, primarily mp3s.
http://www.musicovery.com/    }Each song is listened to by an expert at Musicovery and described with 40 acoustic parameters. Each parameter can take between 3 to 20 values. An algorithm converts these values ​​into a position on the mood pad. Because parameters are acoustic it is an objective way to set the relationship between music and moods/emotions. This is the result of 3 years of research. Playlists and recommendations on Musicovery are tailored to each listener based on their preferences, behavior, geographical origin. Musicovery engine playlist, SmartPlay is very powerful and a key component of Musicovery B2B offer.
http://www.musipedia.org/    }we are building a searchable, editable, and expandable collection of tunes, melodies, and musical themes. Musipedia uses the “Melodyhound” melody search engine. You can find and identify a tune even if the melody is all you know. You can play it on a piano keyboard, whistle it to the computer, simply tap the rhythm on the computer keyboard or use the Parsons code. Every entry can be edited by anybody. An entry can contain a bit of sheet music, a MIDI file, textual information about the work and the composer, and last but not least the Parsons Code, a rough description of the melodic contour.
audio.search.yahoo.com   }50 million audio files.  2011 Update:  This site now redirects to http://new.music.yahoo.com/   }and it is not the same as it was before.
http://www.pandia.com/powersearch/index.html   }this page has links for multimedia, for images, video, and audio. Scroll down. 2015 Update: we can’t find the multimedia, audio, and video search sites on this page now. Replacements:
http://websearch.about.com/od/imagesearch/a/audio.htm    }The following audio search tools will enable you to find specific audio files and audio content (though some will overlap and therefore be featured in both the audio search engines and video search engines sections).   And…
http://websearch.about.com/od/searchtipoftheday/qt/freemovie.htm   }Here are the top places on the Web to find free movies, videos, TV shows, and all sorts of great free multimedia. Please feel free to add your own favorite site to this list. Free MoviesTop Ten Sites for Free Full Length Movies: Yes, it’s possible to find full-length movies on the Web. These sites are the best places to find them. I’ve rounded up dozens more of the best places on the Web to watch free movies in my article titled Even More Free Movie Sites Online.
http://www.pandora.com/#/   }this service, which calls itself  “internet radio” is a music search service, that does too much, more than you want probably, and wants you to register with them besides. (On our Web Tools List are various sites and apps to help you get around those constant, annoying site registrations.) For instance, we wanted just one or two cuts by one artist (band), not an entire radio station of them. At all events, all the cuts and albums were for sale and none were for download.
http://www.prefixmag.com/   }no forums here per se, but, Prefix Magazine covers the latest in music daily. Prefix showcases an extensive catalog of exclusive interviews, reviews, mp3s, video, photo galleries and more. Daily music news, reviews, interviews.  141 links on the page.
http://www.reelwavs.com/mstop25/index.html    }list of .wav sites for TV and movie samples. Some of the collections are gone: DLs.
http://www.rosswalker.co.uk/tv_sounds/   }main index for free TV show samples. Some of the collections are gone: DLs.
http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2066693/Multimedia-Search-Engines-Image-Audio-Video-Searching   }even though this list is multimedia, we put it here for your use. Some of their links are old and redirect to commercials. Some redirect to other search engines. Some, like http://www.music-finder.net/ , go to pages that look like the search pages that are put in the place of expired or extinct URLs, but actually, some of the links on music finder are still good, and go to lists of music players, online “radio stations”, music collections, and so on. So, this older resource may be still be of use to you. 2014 DL.
http://www.singingfish.com   }searches both audio and video (a/v). 2011 Update:  This site now redirects to AOL Video.
http://www.soungle.com/    }Soungle is a search engine that allows you to find royalty free sound effects
easily.Enter a royalty free sound effect you want in the box above and click the search button to find it.
http://thepiratebay.se/   }this is the pirate bay search engine, where you can search for torrents. There are video torrents as well as audio, but we put this here since typical user searches for audio torrents (music).
http://www.top10tag.com/top-10-online-sound-libraries/   }the top ten libraries of sounds, in their opinion, are listed here. Audio snippets, samples, recordings, bleeps, etc., but we have not tested each library individually.
http://vmp3.eu/mp3-charts.php   }here’s another site that actually allows you to download music, rather than the infinite run-arounds that the other sites provide.

VI. Radio Stations.
http://transition.fcc.gov/mb/audio/digital.html   }notes about in-band-on-channel (IBOC) digital AM and FM radio.
http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/bickel/radio_tools.html   }a small window that allow you to ask radio-related questions.
http://transition.fcc.gov/mb/audio/amq.html   }the FCC’s AM radio station finder; somewhat technical.
http://transition.fcc.gov/mb/audio/fmq.html   }the FCC’s FM radio station finder’ also somewhat technical.
http://www.findradio.us/   }allows you to find radio stations by various criteria, AM and FM.
http://goradiostations.com/   }this finds radio stations by category or area, however, some are DLs and some have changed their contents since the site was made.
http://www.last.fm/  – one of the most popular music communities around, with personalized radio stations, social networking features, RSS support and more.
http://music.msn.com/radio/   }2011 DL: MSN has discontinued its radio service.
http://pandora.com/  – a very popular Internet radio/community which brings you new music based on stuff you like. You can create up to 100 unique “stations.” And you can even refine them. If it’s not quite right you can tell it so and it will get better for you.
http://www.publicradiofan.com/   }Public Radio Fan.com features schedule listings for thousands of public radio stations and programs around the world. Follow the audio links to hear your favorite programs and discover new ones.
http://www.radio-locator.com   }this is our favorite radio station locator. It allows you to search by area, region, format, and content, and shows signal strength, gives streaming URL, and so on.
http://www.radioreference.com/    }the world’s largest radio communications data provider, featuring a complete frequency database, trunked radio system information, and FCC license data.
http://www.rferl.org/info/about/176.html   }Radio Free Europe: Radio Liberty. “RFE/RL journalists report the news in 21 countries where a free press is banned by the government or not fully established. We provide what many people cannot get locally: uncensored news, responsible discussion, and open debate.”
http://www.shoutcast.com/   }A large directory of Internet radio stations, categorized by genre. Streams work in Winamp. Various genres, pick what you like.
http://www.slacker.com   }Slacker gives listeners anytime, anywhere access to the world’s best music and entertainment. Listen for free on any device or subscribe and enjoy a commercial-free experience with deep customization, offline listening and on-demand access to millions of songs and albums. Offers a desktop version of the application and a hardware portable music player. Available only in the United States.
http://www.usliveradio.com/   }United States radio stations streaming live on internet.
music.yahoo.com/launchcast   }this goes to preset radio stations only, which play only the most contemporary, popular music in a variety of uninteresting categories.
http://yottamusic.com/why-yotta-music   }We got involve in HIFI music player design since 2008. Before developing, we had put all the possibilities that could make HIFI music players, and analyze which was better. The result was, embedded ARM with software codec plus hardware jitter elimination circuit was the best. We developed it from the ground up. We didn’t buy anyone else’s networking solution like the one from Stream Unlimited which can be found in a number of similar devices on the market. YottaMusic player  supports most known digital audio formats. Since this player has no moving parts or fans, its operation is completely silent. It brings out the ultimate in detail, clarity and quality from your digital audio. It is easy to setup and use.  It can perfectly playback digital audio from iphone/iPad/Android device or NAS or USB storage drive or PC/MAC.

VII. Podcasts and Webcasts. (See also Online Tools (http://sdrv.ms/wkep6I ) and Academic Research List (http://sdrv.ms/x8nu4J) for more.)   }The WKU distance learning podcasts and videos are offered in poetry, drama, fiction and more.
http://americanpublicmedia.publicradio.org/podcasts/   }the American Public Media podcast list. Looked like lots of interesting and unusual shows that we didn’t have the time to listen to during our searches/tests. Easy listening stuff, like the Writer’s Almanac and the Prairie Home Companion, market reports, etc.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts   }podcasts from the BBC, you might find something surprising there.
http://www.digitalpodcast.com/   }this site found a lot of older sites w. ith dead links and so on. That is, the site is easy to use and well-organized, and works as it ought to, but links just lead to DLs and weird sites and such.
http://drjonedae.wordpress.com   }of course, we make podcasts too. These are all music, with no talking and no commercials.
http://www.ipodder.org/    }Submit your podcast, podcasting directory, and podcast information
Keywords: podcasts, flippa, ipodder, podcast, podcasting software, the abraham project, mac.
http://www.loc.gov/podcasts/    }podcasts from the Library of Congress; much what you’d expect.
http://mediaplayer.group.cam.ac.uk/main/Podcasts.html   }This site offers a limited number of podcasts.
http://www.miroguide.com/audio/   }Miro Guide – Podcast Directory, Video and Audio RSS Feeds. The Participatory Culture Foundation, and Amazon Technologies Inc. On the main page, in the right-hand column, are the genres; each genre has podcasts listed inside of it. From the page-top bar, select either video or audio podcasts.
http://www.npr.org/rss/podcast/podcast_directory.php   }this is the NPR podcast directory. It’s fast, works well, and we found no dead links, etc.
http://www.podcast.com/     }in our test, this site found some shows quickly, but then they “play” feature failed. Something wrong with their player? But the “download” button worked, plays in your WMP if you’re on windows.
http://www.podcastalley.com/index.php    }this site is fast and works well, but, they have no podcasts in several easy subjects or persons. Just so you’ll know; but they may have lots of stuff that we didn’t look for, etc. “Your place for podcasting news & featured podcasts.  All the news from the podcast world if you are Interested in podcasting, the top podcasts or podcast news.” Find podcasts on virtually any subject, from the environment to health, here.
http://www.podbean.com/   }”Ultra simple podcast publishing solution. Unlimited bandwidth and storage. Everything a podcaster needs to host, promote, and track your podcast. We usually don’t list pay sites; we are specialisists in Free. However, this one is not too expensive, and has other good features. “Podbean is an online podcast-publishing and crowdfunding service that provides free and premium hosting packages for individuals and businesses. Podbean offers a user-friendly interface that integrates publishing, management, syndication and analysis tools into an easy to use podcasting package. This web-based system allows users to publish, manage and promote podcasts in an easy point-and-click blog-like environment without any technical knowledge. The embeddable code make it easy for publishers to integrate podcasts into their own
websites, blogs and social networks around the web, including Facebook, Twitter, Google+, Blogger, etc.
Another feature highlight is a selection of flat-rate hosting plans that come with unmetered bandwidth and monthly increases in storage space at no additional charge. “
http://www.podcastdirectory.com   }this one still works and the links are still good; however, in our tests, the podcast (video) itself loaded very slowly, but then played fine and high-res.
http://www.podcastsearchservice.com/    }did only “Fair” in our tests; but the only podcast search service still “up” on the web.
http://www.podfeed.net    }the premier resource on the web for all things podcast. Whether it’s learning about podcasts, finding and listening to podcasts that interest you via our podcast directory, reading user reviews, or interacting with other members.
http://www.podscape.com  }DL 2011.
http://www.podspider.com   }link now redirects you to a commercial site, “Internet Radio Recorder, Video Downloader, DVD Ripper, Stream Capture, iPhone/iPod/iPad/Zune Converter” at audials.com. DL 2011.
http://podcasts.yahoo.com     }DL 2011. What happened to Yahoo podcasts?? Info here: http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/yahoo_to_close_podcasting…   }if the page will load.
http://www.radiolab.org/series/podcasts/   }a source of Science podcasts. In our tests, the site worked perfectly and the podcast was interesting.   If you’d like to hear it, it’s here: http://www.radiolab.org/popup_player/#    }the 4 track mind.  (Example)
http://www.un.org/webcast/   }Watch meetings and more from the UN.
http://www.voipnow.org/2007/04/want_free_voip_.html   }Use this guide to set-up free voip conferences or interviews to include in your podcast.

VIII. Video. (See also Julie Éclair’s Videolist http://sdrv.ms/OxyWpF )
bubl.ac.uk/link/v/video.htm      }directory of directories with links to sites with video.
http://www.blinkx.com   }This site opens with showing you a visual menu of selections; however, clicking on it didn’t show us the video! First IE blocked the download, then after that we were frustrated by various other screens, and eventually, porn videos, presented by Blinkx. Very disappointing performance from a video service that was formerly one of our favorites. Evidently Blinkx was very changed when youtube bought it. Eventually, we found the video we’d selected again, but then, it showed us only a preview of, and then continued on to a video that we hadn’t selected, w/o asking us. Very poor performance. (When we finally got to the source website, it wouldn’t play the video at all, not even a preview.)That is, both the the Blinkx and ABS News website’s videos are broken now, and don’t work anymore.
http://browse.lt/   }a new site. This site did well in our video tests. It gives results for you tube, daily motion, vimeo, and metacafe, on 4 tabs of one page. Fast, easy to see and use, a simple search engine. For news, you have Delfi, Alfa, BBC, CNN, and RIA Novsoti, as tabs all on on page. We like it; it’s difficult to find information about it. For now, we Recommend it. Returns results in their native language sometime, not in English; search page has buttons for Lithuanian, English, and Russian. It also did well in our search term test. This is based in Lithuania, and we’ve never heard of it before. We have not been able to learn if it is a meta-search engine or meta-crawler or not; but sometimes the results look a little like google, so we are still researching this new engine. Definitely an HQ search engine.
http://www.etr-usa.com/products/   }The MediaMaster system offers a complete solution for scheduling and controlling centralized sources and media titles from your classroom. The MediaScheduler component lets you schedule sources and media titles from your computer.MediaController lets you control various sorts of video sources, and your classroom monitor. MediaController offers: Visual representations of the sources. The “rack” for displaying the available sources. Graphical logos of most popular television networks, which speeds recognition. A unified way of controlling sources like VCRs and DVD players so they all work the same way, even if they are different brands or models. Control of the classroom monitor via a keypad like that on a remote control. MediaScheduler offers: The ability to sort the media title database by any of the descriptive fields. Dynamic database filters to reduce the number of titles shown by filtering by any of the titles’ textual fields. You can ask the title browser to show only DVD titles having “frog” in their description, for example. A list of events scheduled in the near future so you can quickly see what is scheduled and when. The ability to see full details about a title or scheduled event by clicking on it. The classroom computer and monitor are connected to the media center over the school’s network. This allows you to control the centralized sources and see the result on your classroom monitor as though the source was right there in the classroom.
http://www.fourcc.org/identifier/   }their fourcc identifier page. A fourcc identifier allows you to determine which fourccs and audio tags are used within a media file. Knowing this allows you to identify precisely which video codecs and audio codecs that you will need in order to be able to playback the media file. FOURCC is short for “four character code” – an identifier for a video codec, compression format, color or pixel format used in media files.
http://www.free-codecs.com/sitemap.htm   }site with most of the codecs you’ll need for your computer. We mean especially windows, since it is the world’s most popular OS, but on this List we’ll have codec sites for Mac, Linux, etc. Page linked to is their sitemap and TOC.
https://ixquick.com/do/search   }we mention Ixquick’s video search here since it is surprisingly poor, compared to others, for an otherwise very good metasearch engine. They rely mostly on Blinkx, in our test, and Blinkx is very FUBAR since it was acquired by another company some years back. Avoid Blinkx now.
http://www.kartoo.com/download/download-online-videos.htm   }kartoo’s list of video downloaders. Some of these we have tested and listed here or, for example, in Web Tools. Some were DLs. Some are links to other lists of downloaders and converters. Note that many of these won’t install properly or won’t install on public computers, of which millions are in daily use across the U.S. Also we didn’t have time to check Kartoo’s linklist for DLs; and finally, we don’t use any of the “downloaders”, etc., on their linklist, and haven’t had the time to test more than a few. For instance, we tested the ImTOO app(s), but eventually chose other ones for our own use.
http://www.mainconcept.com/   }”Our combination of high quality encoding, performance optimized for the latest processors and operating systems, as well as support for all of the major international codec standards in use today makes MainConcept the best choice for codec technology”, says their homepage. We haven’t tested any of their SDKs or codecs yet, let us know what your results are. Also: apps and plug-ins.
http://demo.mediamaster.us/app.asp   }Gives tuner IP Address and channel, click on “rooms” to see full list.
Unit #
TV Type
TV Address
Tuner Type
Tuner Address
Tuner Input

http://demo.mediamaster.us/app.asp   }Showing 1 thru 200 of 1673 matching titles.
The MediaMaster System is copyright © 1995-2013 by Educational Technology Resources, Inc.
http://www.morgan-multimedia.com/morgan/php/news.php   }JPEG2000 is the new international standard for image compression method and file format. This is the successor of the well-known traditional JPEG written by the ISO group Joint Photographic Experts Group. Contrary to the technology JPEG which used DCT functions, JPEG2000 technology is based on an mathematical algorithm called wavelets to compress image that provides high compression with image quality superior to all existing standard encoding techniques even at low bit rates. That’s the reason why JPEG2000 has a number of advantages over the JPEG Format. Morgan products all have a free trial period, 30 or 60 days typically, but they have no freeware.
http://codecs.necromancers.ru/   }Codec is short for compressor/decompressor, it is any technology for compressing and decompressing data. Codecs can be implemented in software, hardware, or a combination of both. Codecs are used to make large video files much smaller making them suitable for distribution on the net, either on the web or a LAN or any other method of file transfer like wireless devices etc.
Some times when you are trying to play an .avi file the “Unexpected File Format” or a similar error message displays. This happen if you are attempting to play a file for which the proper codec is not on your system. To correct the problem obtain the correct codec.
http://www.oovoo.com/features/video-chat-pc   }they claim to provide “the highest quality video chat for FREE!” ; we’ve been too busy to test that. However, their site is superior to the other viedo-chat sites we’ve looked at today. Apps and services for PC, Mac, and Mobile including Android and Windows Phone Video Chat.
http://streamingmedia.com/   }”the premier online destination for professionals seeking industry news, information, articles, directories and services. The site features thousands of original articles, hundreds of hours of audio/video content, breaking news, research reports, industry directory, and case studies that showcase the latest real-world streaming media implementations.”
http://www.tubesfan.com/    TubesFan Video SE searches for video files from the most popular internet resources and displays them in one place for users’ convenience.  Did well in our hard test, Recommended.
http://www.videohelp.com   }This site will help you to make your own DVD, Blu-ray, AVI, MKV, MP4 etc that can be played on your standalone DVD Player, Blu-ray Player, Media Center or portable device from video sources like DVD, Video, TV, DV, AVCHD or downloaded movie clips like AVI, MKV, MP4, WMV, Flash, etc.
video.yahoo.com   }it isn’t clear to us what their video site is really for. Perhaps that’s since we don’t care what’s “trending now”, but yahoo does.  But here: http://video.yahoo.com/explore/   }they host or link to 37 featured networks. For our test, we selected the space channel, and it showed us and advertisement for a furniture store. Eventually, there was a 10:34 video about space exploration. No menu of space channel videos was offered, nor a choice given, nor were we connected to that site.
http://www.vizhole.com/    }the newest video search engine that we’ve found. Did well in out tests. Returns relevant results fast, and easy to read and use. Engine searches all the video sites at once, including Veoh, Ifilm, Daily Motion, Live Video, You Tube, and so on. Recommended. Site is most popular in India.
http://www.youtube.com   }This has become, of course, the giant in online videos, much worse since google bought them. However, the other video providers are still out there and their videos appear on our Lists.

http://www.apple.com/appletv/   }If you’re an Apple person, especially anyone already heavily using iTunes to watch content on your computer or Apple device, Apple TV is a compelling buy. But if you use Hulu a lot, then the Roku might be a better choice. Like the Roku, Apple TV is easy to use and works very well. Learn more at the Apple TV web site and see our review below:
Apple TV: First Day Review & Impressions .
http://www.blinkx.tv   }redirects to http://www.blinkx.com.
http://www.boxee.tv/   }If you’re already using the Boxee software on your computer and are happy, then perhaps this is the choice for you. Otherwise, Boxee currently lacks the major channels that both Roku and Apple TV provide. For the $200 price, you could buy both a Roku and an Apple TV and still have change left over.
http://www.cnn.com/video/?iref=videoglobal   }Watch news stories from CNN.
http://dsc.discovery.com/    }Watch videos, read articles and play games to learn about history, science, health and more.
http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/01/03/what-the-hell-is-going-on-with-tv/   }what the hell is goin on with TV? Google TV. Xbox. Apple TV. Roku. All these gadgets promise to make television more like the web. There’s just one hitch: None of them are ready for primetime.
http://freedocumentaries.org/    }Watch political documentaries about Latin America, Russia, assassinations, Israel and more from this site.
http://www.google.com/tv/   }you fans of our work, JKU, will know that we dislike using any google product including its search engines, and that we strive not to do so. However, they do have a somewhat popular internet-to-tv going, so here’s a review of it. Obviously, you can find info for all of these on Wikipedia. If you’re an early adopter with cash to burn, then Google TV might be for you. Otherwise, you may wish to wait until the software improves and the prices likely drop, as more competitors come into the space. However, any DISH subscribers may want to give Google TV serious consideration, because of the tight integration it offers with DISH DVRs.
http://www.hulu.com/   }Hulu offers a huge amount of content from the major US television networks of ABC, Fox and NBC, all of which are investors in the service. Hulu Plus is a fee-based version of Hulu that, for $8 per month, allows access to more episodes that regular Hulu offers. Currently, only Roku has Hulu Plus. Roku + Hulu Plus = Pretty Awesome covers this in more depth. Boxee and Google TV are promising Hulu Plus support in the future. That will especially help those players, since the major networks block them from pulling TV content off their web sites. Also see Why You’re Still Waiting For Hulu Plus On Google TV.
if65je4uxyznpbjk.onion   }Television Downloads And Flash Streaming @ TV-DUMP.ORG – 1 file downloads.
http://www.linktv.org/   }LinkTV is “television without borders” and broadcasts news from around the world, documentaries.
https://signup.netflix.com/   }While Netflix started as a way to rent DVDs via mail, it has developed into a major provider of movies and TV shows through the internet. For $8 per month, you can stream as much content as you’d like. All the players except Boxee have Netflix support, and Netflix is promised to come to Boxee in the future.
http://www.pbs.org/    }PBS is another fantastic site for catching up on politics, learning about history and culture, and playing educational games.
http://www.roku.com/   }If you’re wanting to get into an internet-to-TV device, this is a top choice. Roku has a great line-up of major content channels. It’s simple to use, works extremely well and comes at a bargain-basement price. You can learn more at the Roku web site, and see our reviews below: Roku: First Day Review & Impressions
Roku + Hulu Plus = Pretty Awesome .
http://www.shadowtv.com    }this turns out to be a subscription service. With those, if you agree to the “free trial”, they will automatically bill your credit card for the remainder of what you owe, and put a hold on it until you pay or cancel. If you cancel, the hold on your credit card will still remain for the rest of a 30-day period – FYI.
http://searchengineland.com/internet-to-tv-streaming-players-compared-60304   }Internet-To-TV Players Compared: Roku, Apple TV, Boxee & Google TV
Looking to stream movies or television content from the internet to your TV? There are a variety of streaming media players on the market. The chart below provides an at-a-glance look at how the leaders — Roku, Apple TV, Boxee Box and Google TV — measure up against each other. NOTE: See our updated story: COMPARED: What You Can Watch On Google Chromecast, Apple TV & Roku. After the chart, you’ll find further details about the features listed, why they may be important to you, followed by links to our reviews of each product.
http://www.tvcouch.com/   }TV Couch brings you the best internet television experience, right from inside your browser. It has all of the best shows, podcasts and entertainment all wrapped up in a beautiful interface. No software to install, no subscriptions, no contracts, it just works.
http://www.tveyes.com   }this is another subscription-only service.
tvnews.vanderbilt.edu   }this is yet another subscription service. “Borrowers” pay a fee to borrow a broadcast, or can buy the broadcast on DVD.
http://wwitv.com/   }called world wide internet TV, they claim to have 2136 online channels listed. In our test, it provided streaming, what-they-call, content, on demand. The live feed from L.A, was about 8 hours old, but, at least they provided something. The live feed from N.Y. was actually live. Only this site actually provides you live streaming TV to watch. Highly recommended.
http://www.yippy.com    }has WebTV, movies, videos, cartoons, etc.

X. Archives, Journals and Zines. (see also Academic Research List http://sdrv.ms/R4hwOv )
http://4eiruntyxxbgfv7o.onion/snapbbs/736364f4/threadlist.php?   }Hidden Wiki (use on Tor). 2015 DL. Replacement: http://udsmewv45lunzoo4.onion/   }TorLinks is a moderated replacement for The Hidden Wiki, and serves as a link or url list of Tor hidden services. Feel free to copy this deep web link list directory to your website to make others aware of the darknet. We regularly update the tor onion sites on this site.
http://www.acqweb.org/journals.html   }directory of journals, newsletters, and electronic discussion archives, also known as Listservs. 181 links on page. Evidently an older site, we found several DLs (dead links) on the site.
http://am4wuhz3zifexz5u.onion/    }tor library. 2015 DL.
http://www.archive.org   }this is the Internet Archive site.
http://www.archive.org/web/web.php   }this is the Archive’s Wayback Machine, which lets you find the remains of extinct website. It can be useful.
http://b4yrk2nkydqfpzqm.onion/  Ebook collection. (use on Tor).
http://bdpuqvsqmphctrcs.onion/   }this is the first and only collection of Tor-.onion links which are still valid. May, 2015. Check this our before all the links are broken or the site taken down. That happens very often on Tor-.onion sites.
http://archive.bibalex.org, the Internet archive at the New Library of Alexandria, Egypt, mirrors the Wayback Machine. Try your search there when you have trouble connecting to the Wayback servers.
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/   }provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, a World Oceans map, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map.
http://www.ibrain.org/   }here is a website where someone has attempted to imitate what we do, that is, bring you the best collection of sites on the web, by category. Unfortunately for them, ours are much better, since here the sites are reviewed and annotated. We checked out a few of their linklists, and, they are amateurs; no comparison.
http://www.infoplease.com/    }Information Please has been providing authoritative answers to all kinds of factual questions since 1938—first as a popular radio quiz show, then starting in 1947 as an annual almanac, and since 1998 on the Internet at http://www.infoplease.com. Many things have changed since 1938, but not our dedication to providing reliable information, in a way that engages and entertains.
http://www.matisse.net/files/glossary.html   }Glossary of Internet Terms, Copyright (c) © 1994-2011 by Matisse Enzer. You may copy and redistribute this Glossary only under the terms of one of the following two licenses: 1. The Creative Commons “Attribution-ShareAlike” license, version 2.0, Creative Commons License. The terms of this license are summarized at http://creativecommons.org/ ;licenses/by-sa/2.0 and set forth in full at
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0-legalcode. 2. The Open Content License. The terms of this license are set forth at http://opencontent.org/opl.shtml
http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/reference.html   }Printable Maps, US, State, Counties.
http://osuosl.org/   }The Open Source Lab is an organization working for the advancement of open source technologies.  The lab provides hosting for more than 160 projects, including those of worldwide leaders like the Apache Software Foundation, the Linux Foundation and Drupal. Together, the OSL’s hosted sites deliver nearly 430 terabytes of information every month to people around the world.
http://www.pdf-mags.com/   }Here you find links and information about over 250 free PDF magazines from around the world with main focus on art, design, illustration and everyday culture. Magazine covers are displayed and categories of each shown.
http://vlib.org/   }gives you instant access to hundreds of different categories and databases on a wide variety of subjects, anything from Agriculture to Anthropology. More about this amazing resource: “The WWW Virtual Library (VL) is the oldest catalogue of the Web, started by Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of HTML and of the Web itself, in 1991 at CERN in Geneva. Unlike commercial catalogues, it is run by a loose confederation of volunteers, who compile pages of key links for particular areas in which they are expert; even though it isn’t the biggest index of the Web, the VL pages are widely recognised as being amongst the highest-quality guides to particular sections of the Web.
http://www.webcitation.org/   }WebCite®, which used to be a member of member of the International Internet Preservation Consortium, is an on-demand archiving system for webreferences (cited webpages and websites, or other kinds of Internet-accessible digital objects), which can be used by authors, editors, and publishers of scholarly papers and books, to ensure that cited webmaterial will remain available to readers in the future. A WebCite®-enhanced reference is a reference which contains – in addition to the original live URL (which can and probably will disappear in the future, or its content may change) – a link to an archived copy of the material, exactly as the citing author saw it when he accessed the cited material.
http://databank.worldbank.org/data/home.aspx    }DataBank is an analysis and visualisation tool that contains collections of time series data on a variety of topics. You can create your own queries; generate tables, charts, and maps; and easily save, embed, and share them. Watch the tutorial and read the FAQs. Enjoy using DataBank and let us know what you think!
http://xqz3u5drneuzhaeo.onion/users/library/  }another Tor library.

XI. Other searching- See also Online Tools 2015 (http://sdrv.ms/wkep6I ) from JKU. This section includes Invisible Web, etc.
http://websearch.about.com/od/invisibleweb/a/invisibleweb.htm   }Invisible Web Directory, annotated links to search resources “for the deep web”, which duplicates many of the URLs that we have here for you.
http://edina.ac.uk/about/   }at first this looks like we have put it on the wrong List, and as if it should be on the JKU Academic Research List. But pause a moment and look closely, and you will see this is another resource about Information, Standards, and Research. However, we thought that someone without our combined knowledge and expertise – we’re probably a genius when combined – wouldn’t know what JISC stood for, and acronym the University of Edinburgh, uses in this website. So, here’s a link for that which is explanatory: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/aboutus/strategy.aspx   }so, they say, “Our vision is one of easy and widespread access to information and resources, anytime, anywhere; a vision with technology and information management at the heart of research and education.” And who are they? http://www.jisc.ac.uk/aboutus.aspx   }”e are a registered charity and work on behalf of UK higher education, further education and skills to champion the use of digital technologies. Historically, JISC stood for Joint Information Systems Committee but over the last decade we have evolved and as a company we are now known as Jisc.“ So, and here is http://edina.ac.uk/sitemap.html   }the site map for Edina. From here you can link to these information resources.
http://www.alistapart.com/about/    }A List Apart Magazine (ISSN: 1534-0295) explores the design, development, and meaning of web content, with a special focus on web standards and best practices.
http://www.astronautix.com/articles/search.htm   }there are 25,687 pages and 9,423 images there: Search the Encyclopedia Astronautica… It gave good results for one of our hard tests. Recommended.
http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1137372   }”One of the core challenges of the Semantic Web is to create metadata by mass collaboration-by combining semantic content created by a large number of people. To attain this objective, researchers have developed several approaches to deal with the manual or semiautomatic creation of metadata from existing information.” Annotation for the deep web.
http://amser.org./   }applied math and science education repository.
http://users.anet.com/~packrat/search.html   }this site is a list of search link just like this List is, and duplicates many of our links here. Many of the links on this page are DLs (dead links), but we’ve included it so that you can find what you’re looking for, if it isn’t on our Research Lists. However, don’t forget our Index (http://bit.ly/Aoyr3v ), since what you want can usually be found on one of our Lists.
http://web.archive.org/web/20040620205638/http://aip.completeplanet.com/aip-engines/help/largest_engines.jsp   }this is the list of Largest Deep Web Sites, from Complete Planet, a dead website now. We found this page on archive.org for you.
http://www.backlinkwatch.com/   }checks the backlinks for a URL you specify. Did well in our tests; shows a list of the URLs backe-linked to by your website, with statistics, in a table format. Shows the pagerank of backlink giving url, outbound Links which means total external links found on backlink giving webpage, and Aany abnormal flag like nofollow tag used on your backlink. Recommended.
http://www.betaboston.com/news/2015/09/28/harvards-internet-monitor-tracks-web-traffic-and-outages-across-the-globe/   }Harvard University has a new Internet-monitoring tool that should be catnip to you news junkies. “Launching for free on Monday, the Internet Activity Monitor is a real-time dashboard tracking blackouts, news hits, Internet speeds, and outages across the world. The service pulls in public data from services such as data-transfer mega-highway Akamai, and security firm Kaspersky.”  “You can sign up for a personal account and organize a series of dashboards that suit your needs, sort of like a Pinterest board documenting Internet speeds in South Korea or outages in Pakistan.”  One suggestion: one of the things I can do is monitor news from a certain country
for a certain term. Great. But it would be great if you could specify what language you want it in. If I want to monitor Russian Federation news for the term “Google” (because I’m still very curious about the antitrust penalties) I’m sure there is news available in English. But all I’m getting is Russian.
http://invisibleweblog.blogspot.com/search/label/About%20the%20Weblog   }A Web-blog about the Invisible Web and Information Availability on the Web.
http://zillman.blogspot.com/2009/08/current-awareness-discovery-tools-on.html   }Research white paper titled “Current Awareness Discovery Tools on the Internet” is a 27 page research paper listing many resources both new and existing that will help anyone who is attempting to find information and knowledge research about current awareness discovery tools available on the Internet. The pdf is here http://whitepapers.virtualprivatelibrary.net/Current%20Awareness%20Discovery%20Tools.pdf   }and gives list of various articles and journals with brief descriptions. Some of the sites mentioned are down, are DLs.
http://brightplanet.com/   }searches the deep web. This seems to be a pay service only, but it’s links page is interesting, and unique: http://brightplanet.com/resources/links/   }check it out.
http://www.wrx.zen.co.uk/searchuk.htm    }UK web search. Search 26 different UK search engines.
http://www.completeplanet.com     }70,000+ searchable databases and specialty search engines. 2011 Update: this site is still there at its URL, but most of the links fail. It is not quite a dead site yet and might still be useful. 2012 Update: site is down now, find it at archive.org.
http://creafy.com/about/   }As this site does not have any content yet, let us know what you think. We like to provide you with meaningful content in the future.
Feel free to give us your inspiration! By using this site and giving your input you accept the Terms of Use.  This site is based on Textpattern using the yellowmint template by Steve Lam.
http://www.cselinks.com/   }listed here are custom search engines, which are made to search specific categories. A person can make their own CSE, as well.
http://downforeveryoneorjustme.com/   }webpage for checking if another website is down or not; or, down for just you or down for everyone.
https://www.economy.com/freelunch/   }When searching for data, FreeLunch.com returns those pages in the FreeLunch.com data dictionary where your keywords are found. This provides both context and related series and increases the usefulness of your search results and provides a easy-to-use interface to download financial and economic data from a variety of reliable sources.
http://www.getlinkinfo.com/   } a tool to get information about a link before visiting it. Use it to: Preview tinyurl, bit.ly, goo.gl, is.gd, t.co or any other short URLs. Very useful for Twitter users. Works with ALL URL shortening services! See the original URL of a short URL before visiting it. Find out where a URL redirects, detect affiliate links. Get a webpage’s title and description to decide whether it is appropriate/safe/secure to visit. Get more info about a YouTube video to decide if you should watch it. Determine if a website contains malicious software or is a phishing site.  Powered by data from Google Safe Browsing. View a small preview image of a webpage or YouTube video before visiting/watching it.
http://www.gimpsy.com/   }Gimpsy only covers sites that provide an interactive online service. If a site is only a repository of information, such as a newspaper, it will not be included. Even a store that has its catalogue online, but does not allow users to shop online – will not be included. That’s why we have coined the slogan “Active Sites for Active People”. Gimpsy provides excellent service for the active people, that want to accomplish something online. We have not tested this newer engine thoroughly, feel free to send us your results if you’d like to.
https://github.com/juhanurmi/ahmia/wiki    }Ahmia is a free search engine software for Tor hidden service websites. You can test the running search engine at ahmia.fi. Building a search engine for anonymous web sites running inside the Tor network  is an interesting problem to solve. Tor enables web servers to hide their location and Tor users can connect to these authenticated hidden services while the server and the user both stay anonymous. However, finding web content is laborious without a good search engine and therefore a search engine is needed for the Tor network.
https://code.google.com/p/wikichucks/   }For as long as there’s been too much information to keep in one brain, folks have been writing things down. Wikichucks! provides a framework for quickly and easily writing stuff down for later reference. In short, Wikichucks! is a searchable outboard brain (a windows-based desktop wiki) that helps you manage all the info-widgets you’d never remember unless you stored them centrally in your personal wiki. Scroll down for download link. Made for use with IE, but might work with other browsers.
http://www.gotoandlearn.com/   }various online tutorials on new tech.
http://www.hw.ac.uk/libwww/irn   }academic; internet resources newsletter. The final issue was December, 2009 (No.178), but the site is still up . See also our Academic Research List (http://sdrv.ms/R4hwOv)
http://www.isitdownrightnow.com/   }website checks selected site to see if it is ‘up’ or ‘down’;  says if it is “down just for you” or not. Short URL: iidrn.com  . Also lists status of the most popular websites.
http://www.itools.com/    }use the right tool, small collection of online search tools.
http://itools.com/search/people-search   }this uses Spokeo: 2015 Update: this engine failed one of our easy tests.
http://kateray.net/film/    }a video about the Semantic Web. 14:30.
http://www.lexisnexis.com/   }here is the lexis/nexis start-page. There are resources for legal, academic, and business/corporate research.
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ie/searchguide/en-en/default.mspx#   }this page allows you to add a search provider to your Internet Explorer. The page is available in different languages.
http://www.markosweb.com/   }a web service that collects and analyzes any data about domains and keywords they are optimized for. Currently we use around 25+ open API sources researching the most popular domains and keywords. We have 938,147,687 records stored (for 7,546,229 domains) in our database and are continuing to grow.
http://www.markosweb.com/websitemonitor/cant-access-a-site/   }If you cannot access a website, and you discover using our sitedown monitoring tool that the site is not down and that other people can access it (i.e. the problem is on your end, and has nothing to do with the website itself), then what could be the reason for this? What problems could be stopping you from accessing the website? These are the 4 principal reasons why this may be happening.
http://mycroft.mozdev.org/    }this is the main site for finding search engine plug-ins for your browser, Explorer or Firefox.
http://myip-besthide.info/   }has links to proxy sites which have lists of proxy server sites. This site is not new; see Online Tools 2015 for the latest proxy info, and also The Cold List.
http://networkx.github.com/documentation/latest/overview.html   }networkx has a search feature and will sometimes find info that no one else does. “NetworkX is a Python language software package for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and function of complex networks. With NetworkX you can load and store networks in standard and nonstandard data formats, generate many types of random and classic networks, analyze network structure, build network models, design new network algorithms, draw networks, and much more.“  Here is the search page: http://networkx.lanl.gov/search.html?q=search   }this page shows the results of one of our tests, for the word “search”. Great for programmers, information scientists, mathematicians, Recommended for them. http://networkx.lanl.gov/search.html?q=three     }in this somewhat easier test, this engine found some surprising results, such as this Glossary: http://networkx.lanl.gov/reference/glossary.html?highlight=three   }a short glossary, but shows key concepts from graph theory and Python about their subject.
http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives/?p_action=home&p_product=NewsLibrary&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_queryname=4000&d_sources=home&d_place=&p_nbid=&p_multi=&s_search_type=keyword&s_home=home&p_field_search=&p_sort=   }4438 newspapers and other news sources make NewsLibrary.com the ideal tool for news research. The most complete archive available for each publication is included. Click on “search” tab to search the database.
http://omgili.com/   }a forum search engine that only returns forum threads in the results; lets you find communities, message boards, discussion threads about any topic. 2015 Update: this engine failed 2 of our easy tests.
http://www.pandia.com/post/025-3.html   }for those of you who take your research as seriously as we do, there is more info of use to you on this page.
http://www.pubgene.com/   }”In 2001, PubGene founders demonstrated one of the first applications of text mining to research in biomedicine (i.e., biomedical text mining). They went on to create the PubGene public search engine,[2] exemplifying the approach they pioneered by presenting biomedical terms as graphical networks based on their co-occurrence in MEDLINE texts. Co-occurrence networks provide a visual overview of possible relationships between terms and facilitate medical literature retrieval for relevant sets of articles implied by the network display. “
https://www.quandl.com/   }”We host data from hundreds of publishers on a single easy-to-use website. We make it easy for data users to get the data they need in the format they want.“  We’re testing new search engines and databases such as this one now (16feb15).
http://rebloggy.com/    }this service measures image, post, or website popularity on the world wide web. It summarizes Tumblr post as its sample population.  Rebloggy is a service which tries to aggregate all the popular posts on Tumblr. We analyze this wonderful social network and its millions of blogs every day to get to know which posts are most influential, choosing automatically those that grow faster than others.
http://www.resourceshelf.com    }new sites, invisible web; free resources are available on the web, including databases, lists and rankings, real-time sources, and multimedia.
http://www.researchbuzz.com   }weekly newletter. News and resources covering social media, search engines, databases, archives, and other such information collections. Since 1998.
https://www.robtex.com/   }This is a beta release, and it does not yet have all information available at our old site, but it will come together with new data that is not available even there. We aim to make the fastest and most comprehensive free DNS lookup tool on the Internet. Please note that robtex is not only used by the NSA (we guess that is not a secret anymore, and no we didn’t know before either). Are you a normal IT guy doing data forensics, investigating competitors, tracking spammers or hackers or a virus, or just curious? No matter what, this should be the first place to go. Enter an IP address or hostname in the field above, and click on any of the buttons to look up technical information Also, due to popular demand, we will soon release an API available for qualified organizations and companies. We will keep you posted.
https://www.robtex.com/oldindex.html   }Robtex Swiss Army Knife Internet Tool. In the searchbox above you can search for things like: DNS checks detailed dns information for a hostname (www.abc.xyz , http://www.facebook.com , http://www.yahoo.com , http://www.youtube.com); IP-number checks ip number information such as dns reverse and forwards; route checks a specific routed prefix; AS numbers checks information on an AS-number; AS macros checks who belongs to an AS-macro.
http://scout.wisc.edu/        }new academic sites; go direct to their table of contents: http://scout.wisc.edu/Reports/ScoutReport/Current/   }and also, find recent project reports here: http://scout.wisc.edu/Reports/ScoutReport/2011/scout-110513-re.php#1   }and links from there. (See also Academic Research List).
http://www.searchenginedirectory.net/    }the search engine directory’s list of directories and search engines.
http://www.searchenginedirectory.net/moresearchengines.html    }more search
http://searchengineland.com/guide/    }the search engine land guide to all things ‘search’. Clean, easy to use site. It is new to us, but we Recommend it based on what we’ve seen. Info if you want to research search engines, how they work, etc., can be found on this site and the other sites in this Category.
http://searchengineland.com/guide/what-is-seo   }SEO stands for “search engine optimization.” It is the process of getting traffic from the “free,” “organic,” “editorial” or “natural” listings on search engines. All major search engines such as Google, Yahoo and Bing have such results, where web pages and other content such as videos or local listings are shown and ranked based on what the search engine considers most relevant to users. Payment isn’t involved, as it is with paid search ads.
http://searchengineland.com/google-now-crawling-and-indexing-flash-content-14299    }Historically, search engines have been unable to extract content, such as text and links, from Flash (SWF) files. Subsequently, much of the Flash-based content on the web has been unavailable in search results. This situation has been frustrating for web developers, who have tried to come up with workarounds to help get search engines to index and rank their Flash pages. This situation hasn’t been ideal for searchers either, as this limitation has kept them from seeing potentially great matches for their queries because they’ve been locked away in Flash files. According to Adobe and Google, all of that is changing. Google is launching what they tell me is a “deep algorithmic change,” augmented by Flash reader technology supplied by Adobe, that enables them to “read” Flash files and extract text and links from it for better indexing and ranking. This could be great news for both site owners and searchers
http://www.seroundtable.com   }The purpose behind the Search Engine Roundtable  is to report on the most interesting threads taking place at the SEM (Search Engine Marketing) forums. By enlisting some of the most recognized names at those forums, the Roundtable is able to not only report on these outstanding threads but also provide a synopsis that provides greater detail into those threads.
http://searchenginewatch.com/page/guides   } Looking for search engines? This section of Search Engine Watch lists some top choices in various categories.
http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2065024/Specialty-Search-Engines   }this is their list of categorized “specialty search engines”.  We haven’t tested all those engines yet, but this site is trustworthy; it is also a little old, by today’s opinions.
http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2067983/Country-Specific-Search-Engines   } Search Engine Watch provides listings for search engines that serve the entire world, which you can find on the Major Search Engines page. There are also search engines that are devoted to particular countries and regions of the world. The resources below will help you locate these country-specific web sites.
http://www.showsite.org/   }Show all site information such as analysis html, basic site info, DNS record analysis, traffic analysis, site technical info, link site analysis, visitor analysis. Include check ip, reverse ip and keyword ranking tools.
http://smallseotools.com/    }the plagiarism checker is on the List, JKU Academic Research. The other tools here are an article rewriter, link tracker, backlink checker, backlink maker, website ping tool, keyword postion, reverse IP domain checker, server status, and others.
http://www.tech-faq.com/proxy   }here is a list of untested proxy sites.
http://www.topsimilarsites.com/   }Top Similar Sites is a free tool that helps you to find similar sites to any site!  We found this one to be much, much better than the other “similar sites” website. Recommended.
http://www.thesearchenginelist.com/    }this is, of course, the search engine list itself.
http://kba.tripod.com/search.htm   }here’s a site with a long list of links, to search engines in various categories, and other useful links. This would be competitive with our linklists, that is, JKU, but they’re weak on annotations, tests, and reviews; only we do those for you. They categorize their links, but they’re all on one huge page. Ours are categorized better. This page is just for searching and researching; other pages have entertainment links, government links, academic links, etc. We’re still the best at what we do on the web, but we include this page for you since it has links we didn’t use, and so on, for your convenience.
http://www.usa.gov/   }USA.gov is an absolutely mammoth search engine/portal that gives the searcher direct access to a wide variety of information and databases from the United States government, state governments, and local governments. This includes access to the Library of Congress, an A-Z government agency index, the Smithsonian, and more.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darknet_%28file_sharing%29   }Darknet is a private, distributed P2P file sharing network where connections are either made only between trusted peers — sometimes called “friends” (F2F)[1] — using non-standard protocols and ports. Darknets are distinct from other distributed P2P networks as sharing is anonymous (that is, IP addresses are not publicly shared), and therefore users can communicate with little fear of governmental or corporate interference.[2]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freenet   }Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication. It uses a decentralized distributed data store to store information, and has a suite of free software for working with this data store. Both Freenet and some of its associated tools were originally designed by Ian Clarke,[5][6] who defines Freenet’s goal as providing freedom of speech with strong anonymity protection.
http://en.wiktionary.com   }a collaborative project to produce a free-content multilingual dictionary. It aims to describe all words of all languages using definitions and descriptions in English. Wiktionary has grown beyond a standard dictionary and now includes a thesaurus, a rhyme guide, phrase books, language statistics and extensive appendices. We aim to include not only the definition of a word, but also enough information to really understand it. Thus etymologies, pronunciations, sample quotations, synonyms, antonyms and translations are included. –See also IX. Language Tools: Dictionaries and Glossaries in JKU Academic Research List, http://sdrv.ms/R4hwOv  .
http://www.yougotthenews.com/   }”The #1 Search Engine for US News – Search 5,000+ national, business, and local news sources.“ We tested this, and it impressed us. In one test, we asked for news about the “Swiss Jet Crash”, and it returned the most recent crash, this year (2015), at the top of the results, followed by all the other jet crashes which were in the news, including facsimiles of newspaper stories, back as far as 1960 !  We are Recommending this one.

Mr. Jae Kamel: hillman1932@hotmail.com
Dr. Jone Dae: jonedae@hotmail.com